Mozilla pushed out a large security update Tuesday for its Firefox browser, fixing 16 flaws that left Web users susceptible to exploits.
Eight of the vulnerabilities patched in Firefox 3.6.7 are rated "critical" and can be leveraged to remotely execute code. Two other bugs - a same-origin bypass using canvas context and a cross-origin data disclosure via Web Workers and importScripts - received a risk rating of "high."
Here are Mozilla's descriptions of the critical bugs:
Remote code execution using malformed PNG image - A malformed PNG file could be created which would cause libpng to incorrectly report the size of the image to downstream consumers. When the dimensions of such images are underreported, the Mozilla code responsible for displaying the graphic will allocate too small a memory buffer to contain the image data and will wind up writing data past the end of the buffer. This could result in the execution of attacker-controlled memory.
nsTreeSelection dangling pointer remote code execution- Security researcher regenrecht reported via TippingPoint's Zero Day Initiative an integer overflow vulnerability in the implementation of the XUL element's selection attribute. When the size of a new selection is sufficiently large the integer used in calculating the length of the selection can overflow, resulting in a bogus range being marked selected. When adjustSelection is then called on the bogus range the range is deleted leaving dangling references to the ranges which could be used by an attacker to call into deleted memory and run arbitrary code on a victim's computer.
nsCSSValue::Array index integer overflow - Security researcher J23 reported via TippingPoint's Zero Day Initiative that an array class used to store CSS values contained an integer overflow vulnerability. The 16 bit integer value used in allocating the size of the array could overflow, resulting in too small a memory buffer being created. When the array was later populated with CSS values data would be written past the end of the buffer potentially resulting in the execution of attacker-controlled memory.
Plugin parameter EnsureCachedAttrParamArrays remote code execution vulnerability - Security researcher J23 reported via TippingPoint's Zero Day Initiative an error in the code used to store the names and values of plugin parameter elements. A malicious page could embed plugin content containing a very large number of parameter elements which would cause an overflow in the integer value counting them. This integer is later used in allocating a memory buffer used to store the plugin parameters. Under such conditions, too small a buffer would be created and attacker-controlled data could be written past the end of the buffer, potentially resulting in code execution.
Use-after-free error in NodeIterator - Security researcher regenrecht reported via TippingPoint's Zero Day Initiative an error in Mozilla's implementation of NodeIterator in which a malicious NodeFilter could be created which would detach nodes from the DOM tree while it was being traversed. The use of a detached and subsequently deleted node could result in the execution of attacker-controlled memory.
DOM attribute cloning remote code execution vulnerability - Security researcher regenrecht reported via TippingPoint's Zero Day Initiative an error in the DOM attribute cloning routine where under certain circumstances an event attribute node can be deleted while another object still contains a reference to it. This reference could subsequently be accessed, potentially causing the execution of attacker controlled memory.
Miscellaneous memory safety hazards (rv:184.108.40.206/ 220.127.116.11) - Mozilla developers identified and fixed several memory safety bugs in the browser engine used in Firefox and other Mozilla-based products. Some of these bugs showed evidence of memory corruption under certain circumstances, and we presume that with enough effort at least some of these could be exploited to run arbitrary code.