Sun officials said that with the NetBeans IDE 6 preview release, developers can download the source code, open it in the NetBeans IDE, and use the Build Project command to build a working JDK. "On the Java side, things have been going remarkably well during the last year," Green said. "Our developer numbers are up to about 6 million, thats 20 percent up over last year; there are over two billion mobile handsets running Java worldwide. Theres a total of about five billion Java-powered devices worldwide. So health-wise, Java is doing very well.""First we are introducing a new family of products called Java FX," Green said, "They are all from Sun and built on or around Java that will be addressing new opportunities in the consumer communication market. Java FX will be used in all areas: desktops, handheld devices, mobile devices, embedded devices, enterprises ." The first product release in that family, called Java FX Mobile, is a complete software system from the metal on up, to be used for phones and handheld devices, that includes the operating system all the way through the user experience, Green said. It includes a set of applications and development platform so that people can create applications that are appropriate to this new powerful person-to-person communications system. The third announcement is about the open-sourcing of the rest of the Java Development Kit. "In November we announced the open-sourcing of the Java compiler and runtime; this announcement includes the rest of the JDK, except for a couple of smaller thingsthe font rasterizer being one of them," Green said. Lastly, Java FX Script is a scripting language focused on content authors and others in the creative crowd, Green said. "It is designed to deliver visually impactful, dramatically improved Web and network-facing experiences that run from Java SE all the way down to devices running Java FX Mobile." Added Green: "With these, we are taking the world of Java development and sort of introducing it to the larger world of content creation. We are leveraging the wide availability and security of Java in the network and allowing the creative community to come in and write applications to be used in a wide variety of deployments." Meanwhile, despite the addition of JavaFX, Sun will continue with its Java ME (Micro Edition). "Java ME will continue to be used in the development community; it was designed for devices that need less functionality than Java SE. Those devices will keep proliferating in the industry," Green said. Indeed, "Java FX is essentially a great opportunity for developers to write apps for mobile devices, battery powered devices, using the computing power of Java SE," Green said. "Were finally at a point where the core Java SE capabilities are brought all the way from the desktop down to mobile devices." Moreover, James Gosling, the creator of Java, said that he looks at this in two ways: one is the APIs the developer sees. "You look at Java MEits been on this trajectory over the last five years, as the phones become more and more capable. Theyve been going up and up and up. Theyve been converging on the full-op desktop systems," Gosling said. Apache seeks Harmony with Sun. Click here to read more. "Here are parts of the world where a persons desktop is their cell phone. Thats kind of the end point we want to get to. One way to think of the Java FX mobile stack is that it is the next step in the progression of ME as it gets to be more and more like Swing." In addition, said Gosling: "The other way I like to think about this is from our own product perspective; weve tended to build fairly shallow artifacts that sit on top of phones. Weve never been able to offer them [developers] a stack that they can run on a handset. So this fits into the evolution of ME because it offers deeper capabilities for developers to build more sophisticated apps." Gosling added that in the future, people are going to need a stack with a lot richer graphical capabilities and network capabilities. "Basically in this new world you can pretty much do everything," Gosling said. Schwartz said Suns open-sourcing move and its plans to make its new technologies such as JavaFX and JavaFX Script, the scripting language for creating rich content and applications, free of charge, is to empower users. But in the end, Gosling said he believes that JavaFX will be used first where the money is. "We suspect that Java FX will be used immediately where developers can make the most moneyin games," he said. Check out eWEEK.coms for the latest news, reviews and analysis in programming environments and developer tools.
However, to keep moving Java forward in line with increasing demands from the network-centric consumer-to-enterprise and business-to-business communication markets, Sun made four new announcements at JavaOne.