Using MoMA to Port from Windows .NET to Mono on Linux
REVIEW: The Mono Migration Analyzer tool, or MoMA, helps users port Microsoft .NET programs to Mono, with the ultimate goal of porting Windows software to Linux. But is it really necessary? eWEEK Labs puts MoMA through its paces.When Microsoft originally released its .NET run-time and framework, programming for Windows became much easier. You got to choose from some favorite languages (C++, a Java-similar language called C# and Visual Basic), but by choosing .NET you were effectively locking yourself into the Windows platform. If you were thinking about portability, you had to look to such tools as C++ and wxWidgets. That said, Microsoft did something right when it developed the .NET system. It devised a standard called the CLI (Common Language Infrastructure) that was accepted by both Ecma International and ISO (International Organization for Standardization). This allowed developers to create their own versions of .NET for other platforms, or even for Windows.
A few groups of developers have worked on implementing CLI for other platforms, but the one that has clearly taken the lead is the open-source Mono Project. Mono is now available on Windows, the various breeds of Linux and Solaris, and even on Mac OS X-which means that Windows developers can port their software to any of these platforms.