Shun 'silver bullet' technology and focus on customers to build enterprise awareness.
Few high-profile IT labels have retained their glitz as long as CRMcustomer relationship management, an umbrella title for almost every useful thing that can be done with enterprise IT systems.
From our vantage point overlooking the universe of IT products and services, eWeek Labs finds it useful to define CRM as the effort to track, attract, manage, interact with and support both current and potential customerswhere the label of "customer" is expanding dramatically beyond its familiar meaning to include formerly captive relationships within a single enterprise.
Note, moreover, that this label thus defined describes a tasknot a technology. The actual products involved may range from foundation database and Web servers to more specialized call center management systems, logistics and other fulfillment tools, and massive turnkey projects involving extensive customization of off-the-shelf modules.
When a buzzword-driven head office orders enterprise IT staff to build a state-of-the-art CRM system, everyone involved should recall the Moliére play about the newly wealthy man who aspired to join high society. When Moliéres social climber sought the aid of a master of philosophy to help him refine his language, he was startled to discover that he had already been speaking prose all his life; when he asked for instruction in how he could write a more gallant love letter, the master was unable to offer him anything better than his own sincere words. Even so, the title character in Moliéres "The Bourgeois Gentleman" paid richly for the advice he receiveddespite its minimal value.
So might managers be surprised to discover that CRM is something they have to do, not something they can buy, and that their own knowledge of their business is still likely to be the most important ingredientnow more than ever. No one should pay for overpriced assistance that purports to refine the process of improving customer relationships, while actually impeding that process with expensive complications.
When it comes to developing relationships, or to any other strategic business mission, the goal of IT is to stay out of the way of what worksnot to prove the importance of technology by wrongly redefining success.
"Culture first, technology second," said CRM veteran Steve Horne, president of the New York-based Analytici CRM consultancy division of marketing group Foote, Cone & Belding, also based in New York. "If a company isnt ready or capable of changing its business processes and culture to focus on the customer, CRM will fail. The label of CRM is tarnished because companies have built huge infrastructures in the technology arena, but technology cant drive the process."
Peter Coffee is Director of Platform Research at salesforce.com, where he serves as a liaison with the developer community to define the opportunity and clarify developers' technical requirements on the company's evolving Apex Platform. Peter previously spent 18 years with eWEEK (formerly PC Week), the national news magazine of enterprise technology practice, where he reviewed software development tools and methods and wrote regular columns on emerging technologies and professional community issues.Before he began writing full-time in 1989, Peter spent eleven years in technical and management positions at Exxon and The Aerospace Corporation, including management of the latter company's first desktop computing planning team and applied research in applications of artificial intelligence techniques. He holds an engineering degree from MIT and an MBA from Pepperdine University, he has held teaching appointments in computer science, business analytics and information systems management at Pepperdine, UCLA, and Chapman College.