It's Show Time for Microsoft's Office File Format

By Peter Galli  |  Posted 2008-02-22 Print this article Print

A ballot resolution meeting is being held in Geneva starting Feb. 25 that is the precursor to the final vote on whether its Office Open XML file format is approved as an ISO standard.

Microsoft's announcement of greater interoperability and openness comes just days ahead of a ballot resolution meeting in Geneva that is the precursor to the final vote on whether its Office file format is approved as an ISO standard.

Microsoft said Feb 21 that it would adhere to a set of new interoperability principles designed to increase the openness of its high-volume products and drive greater interoperability. The company also said it would publish the protocols in Office 2007 that are used to connect to any other Microsoft products, including Exchange Server 2007 and SharePoint Server 2007.

Microsoft lost the earlier ratification vote held last September, amid acrimonious allegations of unfair play and ballot-box stuffing. Its new interoperability play is widely seen as a move to try to prevent the file format from suffering the same fate this time around.

The comments that were made with the votes will be discussed at the meeting, the goal of which is to try to reach a consensus on modifications to the document in light of those comments. 

If the proposed modifications persuade enough of the national bodies to withdraw their negative votes-so that at least two-thirds of the votes cast are then positive, with no more than 25 percent of the total number of the national body voting against the move-the draft file format standard can still be published.

If that does not happen, "the proposal will have failed and this fast-track procedure will be terminated," the ISO has previously said. But that would not preclude the draft standard from being submitted again under the normal ISO standards development rules.

Microsoft officials have been upbeat about their prospects of succeeding this time around, with Tom Robertson, its general manager of interoperability and standards, telling eWEEK previously that "we believe that the final tally in early 2008 will result in its ratification as an ISO standard."

But CEO Steve Ballmer made clear on Feb. 21 that its new interoperability approach would not change the company's plan to continue pursuing the file format standardization under the ISO process.

Peter Galli has been a financial/technology reporter for 12 years at leading publications in South Africa, the UK and the US. He has been Investment Editor of South Africa's Business Day Newspaper, the sister publication of the Financial Times of London.

He was also Group Financial Communications Manager for First National Bank, the second largest banking group in South Africa before moving on to become Executive News Editor of Business Report, the largest daily financial newspaper in South Africa, owned by the global Independent Newspapers group.

He was responsible for a national reporting team of 20 based in four bureaus. He also edited and contributed to its weekly technology page, and launched a financial and technology radio service supplying daily news bulletins to the national broadcaster, the South African Broadcasting Corporation, which were then distributed to some 50 radio stations across the country.

He was then transferred to San Francisco as Business Report's U.S. Correspondent to cover Silicon Valley, trade and finance between the US, Europe and emerging markets like South Africa. After serving that role for more than two years, he joined eWeek as a Senior Editor, covering software platforms in August 2000.

He has comprehensively covered Microsoft and its Windows and .Net platforms, as well as the many legal challenges it has faced. He has also focused on Sun Microsystems and its Solaris operating environment, Java and Unix offerings. He covers developments in the open source community, particularly around the Linux kernel and the effects it will have on the enterprise.

He has written extensively about new products for the Linux and Unix platforms, the development of open standards and critically looked at the potential Linux has to offer an alternative operating system and platform to Windows, .Net and Unix-based solutions like Solaris.

His interviews with senior industry executives include Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer, Linus Torvalds, the original developer of the Linux operating system, Sun CEO Scot McNealy, and Bill Zeitler, a senior vice president at IBM.

For numerous examples of his writing you can search under his name at the eWEEK Website at


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