The Federal Communications Commission will reveal a plan March 17 to expand affordable broadband access to some 93 million Americans who lack a high-speed connection. The plan will likely involve a combination of price reductions for Americans along with investment in broadband infrastructure. A recent FCC survey suggests that 74 percent of Americans have Internet access from home, and that broadband users pay an average of $41 per month for the service. Carriers have expressed some reservations about the FCC's proposed expansion of Internet regulations.
A government plan for bringing affordable broadband access to a sizable
portion of the 93 million Americans who currently lack a connection will be
revealed March 17, according to the Federal Communications Commission, which recently
conducted a survey detailing the country's Internet habits.
The United States
currently trails a number of other countries, including Japan
and France, in
its rate of broadband adoption. The FCC has publicly suggested that overcoming
that gap, and connecting more Americans, will translate into concrete
societal and economic benefits.
"It's so important because broadband is essential to fostering 21st
century jobs, investment and economic growth," Julius Genachowski,
chairman of the FCC, said in prepared remarks at an FCC Open Agenda Meeting in
Washington, D.C., Feb. 18. "It's also so important because of the vital
role broadband must play in advancing key societal goals in areas like
education, health care, energy, public safety, democracy, and small business
Genachowski has cited a goal of expanding U.S.
broadband access from 65 percent to 90 percent, at least in part by lowering
broadband prices and expanding infrastructure.
of 5,005 Americans between October and November 2009 found that
78 percent of American adults are Internet users, with 74 percent of them having
access from home. Around 65 percent of adults are "broadband
adopters," and pay an average of $41 per month for service.
The report based on that survey, titled "Broadband Adoption and Use in America,"
suggested that richer and more educated people tended to have higher adoption
rates of at-home broadband. Cost, lack of digital literacy and perceived
irrelevance were cited as the primary barriers toward adoption for those who
"Not only does broadband adoption vary by income, individuals with
broadband at home exhibit some differences in behavior and attitude toward
broadband depending on their income," John Horrigan, the primary author on
the paper, wrote as part of his conclusions. "In general terms,
lower-income broadband users are more likely to use their high-speed
connections to address important life issues, such as job searches or
education, and for entertainment. Higher-income broadband users, however, are
more likely than low-income ones to shop online, contact government and
Expanding broadband to wider swaths of the population, however, could
come with increased jockeying between the government and telecommunications
In January, AT&T told the FCC that it needed to ditch its
land-line infrastructure in order to help Congress meet its goal of extending
broadband access to the entire American populace.
"The transition is underway already," AT&T wrote in a Dec. 21
missive to the FCC. "With each passing day, more and more communications
services migrate to broadband and IP-based services, leaving the public
switched telephone network (PSTN) and plain-old telephone service (POTS) as
relics of a bygone era."
The FCC may also expand its regulatory powers over Internet service,
although a variety of carriers ranging from AT&T and Verizon to Time Warner
Cable have all protested the potential move as detrimental to their ability to
invest in broadband networks.