The U.S. smart grid is set to boom by 2015, growing to a $9.6 billion market with smart-grid management services generating $4.3 billion in revenue, according to separate reports from GTM Research and Pike Research.
The smart-grid market in the United
States will grow 70 percent to $9.6 billion
by 2015, according to a Sept. 24 forecast from GTM Research
analyst David Leeds. The
market research company currently pegs the market at $5.6 billion.
The term smart grid refers to a next-generation electricity delivery network
designed to monitor household and business consumption and automate control mechanisms.
Rather than depending on a single technology, smart grids consist of a web of
networks allowing real-time communication between users and power providers.
The expansion will be driven by federal grants for utility modernization,
competition between utilities companies and investments in smart-grid technology
by large IT companies, according to GTM
Research. For example, utilities can submit their plans and budgets for
approved smart-grid projects by Sept. 30 to qualify for a share of the $3.4
billion in federal stimulus grants.
GTM Research analysts calculated the 2015
forecast by compiling outlooks in four core technology sectors: advanced
metering infrastructure, distribution automation, home area networks and smart
"Over the next 10 to 15 years, GTM
Research expects the distinction between 'smart grid' and traditional grids to
dissolve," Leeds said.
The smart grid is not just about adding communications capabilities to the
electricity grid. It also requires integrating back-end utility systems so that
companies can analyze the data being generated and act accordingly, he said. With
business intelligence in place, smart grids can adjust supply for a specific
area based on demand and time of the day, reroute the distribution path if
there is a problem in a section of the grid, and support new applications, such
as renewable and electric transportation.
GTM Research analysts estimated that
large-scale deployment and integration would cost about $165 billion.
Since the deployment timeline is about 20 years, according to the report,
full penetration is still decades away. Even so, utility companies are increasing
investment in advanced metering infrastructure, such as smart meters, energy
displays and appliance controls. These projects will allow utilities to move
away from flat-rate billing to variable rates depending on usage and let
consumers adjust their usage patterns accordingly, the report said. It also predicted
that smart-meter deployments would reach 48 percent nationwide by 2015.
Utility companies are not the only ones looking at this market: Some of the
biggest names in technology are building smart-grid offerings. Cisco Systems
has an extensive line of
energy-monitoring devices, routers and management software, such as the Cisco
Network Building Mediator, which tells managers how much power is being used by
elevators, heating and cooling systems in a building. IBM
offers consulting, design and implementation services
to utilities companies, while Intel
working on IEEE standards for smart-grid technologies.
A separate report released by Pike
on Sept. 22 predicts that utilities companies will depend on outside
experts to deploy, manage and maintain these grids. Global spending on smart-grid
management services is expected to grow to $821 million in 2011, up from $470
million this year. Smart-grid management services alone will generate $4.3
billion in revenues by 2015, according to the report.
While there are economic benefits to improving electricity distribution, the
growing popularity of electrical transportation is a bigger driver for
smart-grid investment, according to both market research companies. The number
of plug-in cars and trucks in the United States
is expected to reach 841,000 by the end of 2015, Pike Research said.
GTM Research identified systems
integration and data management solutions as additional areas of investment.
"The day is quickly approaching when the bulk of new hardware, software
and systems added to grids will be intelligent," said GTM