-Performing Workloads"> Engineers have now added one floating point execution unit to each core. The upside of this development, according to Yen, is that Niagara 2 can handle high-performing workloads running scientific applications. Click here to read more about Sun expanding its services offerings."Compared to the performance of its prior Niagara chip, I think these benchmarks show an interesting demo of the companys use of its chip multithreading technology," Brookwood said. "What you are getting is amazing performance within a reasonable power envelop. It is quite stunning and it validates the companys premise of what a multicore processor with simple cores can do." With that in mind, Brookwood believes that Niagara-based systems, when they come to market, will be able to compete with IBMs Power lineup as well as the x86 offerings from Advanced Micro Devices and Intel. "Before this Niagara could only be used for Web type applications that couldnt [be used] in a workstation or in any type of application that you need floating point performance," he said. Sun executives have noted that the thermal envelope for the Niagara 2 will be 90 watts, although it could range to as low as 80 watts at 1.2GHz when running a Java business application and as high as about 120 watts at 1.4GHz if the system is running a floating point intensive application. The company has also increased the number of interfaces on Niagara 2, including a memory interface with four dual-channel FB-DIMM (fully buffered dual in-line memory modules) controllers, an I/O interface that uses PCI Express interface, and a pair of 10 Gigabit Ethernet ports for networking. On the security side, the processor offers a number of improvements, including eight cryptographic acceleration units with a total of 10 independent function addresses, which include algorithms approved by the National Security Agency. The cryptographic capabilities have also been matched to the Ethernet function to eliminate bottlenecking and to allow for secure computing without limiting network performance. Dean Sauder, a senior network engineer with the Howrey LLP law firm in Washington, D.C., has been working with Sun products for a number of years and helped install several T2000 systems at the law firms data center to assist with backing up data. What Sauder looked for from the original Niagaraand now the new processoris a chip that could handle massive throughput. "We have a really complex [set up in the data center] and wanted to take a fire hose approach to one of the systems that could handle a ridiculous amount of I/O and a system that the ability to drive network connections," he said. Sauder said he is preparing to test a new Sun system with a Niagara 2 processor and will try to use it to consolidate the law firms data backup servers. Click here to read more about Sun and IPTV. The other major difference between Niagara 1 and 2 is that fact that Sun built the newer chip on a 65-nanometer manufacturing process, as opposed to 90 nanometers. This allowed engineers to shrink the die from 378 square millimeters to 342 square millimeters. This fact, combined with the chips emphasis on CMT as opposed to a core focused on clock speed, allowed Sun to place more cores, as well as features that eliminated additional supporting chips, on the same die, said Rick Hetherington, chief technology officer of Suns Microelectronics Division. When Sun rolls out systems that use the Niagara 2 platform later this year, Hetherington said the company will target some of the same users as the original Niagara chip, though he said the new chip will attract a much larger following. Telecommunication companies and Web service providers are two main sets of customers Sun plans to pursue. The company currently offers a telecom blade with the original Niagara processor. "There has been enormous growth in connectivity, whether that is through handheld devices such as cell phones like the iPhone," Hetherington said. "There is [an] enormous amount of connectivity that is happening on the consumer level and on the client side and we are targeting products that can support the infrastructure on the server side. That support extends not only from the edge but deep into the data center, with systems that supporting application serving and database serving." After Niagara 2 debuts, Sun plans on moving ahead with a scalable version of the processor, dubbed "Victoria Falls," which is being designed for two-socket systems. The chip is expected to hit the market in the first half of 2008. In the second half of 2008, Sun will debut its Rock processor, which will have 16 cores on the die. Earlier this year, Sun conducted its first test of Rock on a system to see if it could successfully boot the Solaris 10 operating system. Check out eWEEK.coms for the latest news, views and analysis on servers, switches and networking protocols for the enterprise and small businesses.
Nathan Brookwood, an analyst with Insight 64, said the performance benchmarks that Sun is using to demonstrate performance of its Niagara 2, both in terms of general computing and floating point ability, are impressive.