You talked about compliance considerations. Have you found that the need for certifiability and transparency of process leads you to pull more things inside, where you can get a close look, or to put them outside, where youre dealing with people who have made it their core competence to do things in a certifiable and, say, Sarbanes-Oxley Act-compliant way? Miller: We use a Ceridian system for HRIS [human resources information system]; for payroll; and, coming up, for time and attendance. Ceridian can provide us with a quality hosted environment for a less expensive cost than we can do, plus, theyre SAS 70 [Statement on Auditing Standards No. 70]-compliant. So, when our Sarbanes-Oxley auditors come in, we can give them the SAS 70 reports and show them that there is full confidence that this hosted provider is in full compliance with Sarbanes-Oxley regulations.Miller: More specialized technical areas and business areas. For instance, to manage a bioinformatics application internally, instead of building up a large bioinformatics staff, we can work with an outsourcing arrangement where we have that expertise externally and bring it in on a consulting or contract basis. This allows us to get a project completed in a very timely manner versus having somebody who will be on staff and have to wait until theres a need internally. So its a better way of managing resources because we can do it on demand as opposed to a resource sitting idle. Click here to read more about outsourcing in India. What are some of the other areas in which youre finding that you need that kind of on-call capability? Miller: When we do validation of some of our key quality systems. Right now, being a midsized business, to have sort of a hybrid validation technical writer in-house doesnt make sense. So thats an area that we contract out periodically during the year. We have that person come in with full skill setsand knowledge of our company, since theyve worked here before. Kevin, I know youre working in an area where the phrase that Tom used earlier, "internal customers," is close to the top of your mind all the time. I know you have a lot of constituencies to satisfy. Are you finding that outside resources are a more or less effective way to do that? Baradet: It depends on the service. For example, we have a need for Web conferencing. But we cant predict when we are going to need it, and we are not staffed to provide 24/7 support, so we go with Raindance [now Intercall] and some of the other companies that provide those services. When theres a problem, you call their 800-number. This increased reliance on outside providers must create a lot of administrative work. Are you finding that your existing contract administration and procurement people are able to pick up the vocabulary and skill sets they need to work with these technical providers? Or do you find that you have to become more involved in monitoring the administration of these agreements? Click here to read about how Russia is getting into the outsourcing game. Miller: Theres high involvement from the IT department. The procurement department knows how to do the standard procurement activities and some basic monitoring. But when it comes down to a technical arena, they dont have the expertise or skill set to do it. Are you working on a knowledge transfer to free up some of your time here? Miller: Not really, since this is so specialized. We havent really thought it would be viable. In some areas, though, weve been a little more successful, such as the outsourcing of HR and payroll. Since those are driven by the business units of the organization, theyre the ones that have the knowledge of the application environment. Kevin, do you find that your days are involving more contract administration and less technical firefighting? Baradet: Yes and no. A university, in aggregate, is a pretty large business enterprise, and we do have a very large purchasing department. So, generally, when contracts come in, they go to the purchasing department, which vets them against standard university terms and conditions. But, as far as the vendor delivering on the technology aspectsfor the really specialized stuffI have to take a look at it and sit on that check if a vendor hasnt made a milestone. Rabuck: I think that outsourcing is a huge issue for small and midsize businesses. For a smaller company, setting up, for example, an e-mail system can be a huge undertaking. And I think that software as a service has matured. Weve been talking with some companies that are trying to find low-cost corners of the United States and Canada to set up operations. Does where work is done matter at all? Would you rather have it done in West Virginia, say, than in India? Miller: Well, I think its helpful if work is done within two or three time zones, for communications and collaboration. You mean within two or three time zones, as opposed to eight or 10? Miller: Yes because it becomes so much more difficult to have communications. Within two or three time zones at most, we can have near-real-time collaboration. We also were wondering whether energy costs and the desire to keep data center costs down are leading to more companies exploring more off-site resources. Miller: Were bursting at the seams in the building were in, and real estate options are something that we keep in mind. But space is the reason that weve widely adopted blade server technology. But blade servers also bring the curse of energy coststhe costs to cool them. Rabuck: Ive seen a lot more interest in AVL [automatic vehicle location] and GPSthe tracking of everything and anything. So, youre finding that the higher cost of vehicle fuel is elevating the cost-effectiveness of devices designed to minimize the number of miles your trucks have to drive and so on? Rabuck: Yes, and using monitoring capabilities to make sure that theyre, for example, not going out of a certain region and to maximize the deployment for ad hoc calls. If a call comes in and you know where your trucks are at that moment, you can pick the shortest route to get the job done. Check out eWEEK.coms for the latest news, views and analysis on servers, switches and networking protocols for the enterprise and small businesses.
You talked earlier about the need for specific skill sets driving your outsourcing. Was compliance the skill set you were talking about, or were you talking about more specialized technical skill sets?