Stability Is the Key
The current stable release of Debian is Version 3.0r2, code-named Woody. (All Debian releases carry the names of characters from the movie "Toy Story.") Debian 3.0 shipped in July 2002 and has undergone two bug- and security-fixing updates, the most recent in November. The stable release of Debian puts a premium on, well, stability, and it tends to include older packages rather than the current releases of Red Hat Linux or SuSE Linux. For instance, Woody ships with KDE Version 2.2.2, GNOME Version 1.4.1 and Version 2.4.16 of the Linux kernel, all of which are now a few releases old.Sarge currently includes Version 3.1.5 of KDE and Version 2.4 of GNOME, as well as Versions 2.4.25 and 2.6.3 of the Linux kernel. Its still not clear whether Sarge will use Linux 2.4 or 2.6 as its default when it is released this summer. Although the testing version of Debian offers newer feature packages, it lacks the support of Debians security team, which issues security fixes for vulnerabilities as they arise. Debian also maintains an unstable branch, a collection of packages that forms a release in which active development of Debian takes place, as with Red Hats Rawhide packages. The unstable branch of Debian is always called Sid. Perhaps the biggest strength of Debian is its software installation and update system, which is anchored by Debians APT (Advanced Packaging Tool). APT lets administrators easily install and update software by sorting software package dependencies and fetching required packages for installation from software repository sites on the Internet. Theres a handy GUI client for APT, called Synaptic, thats great for browsing through available software or sorting through which applications are installed on an organizations machines. Synaptic is much better for package management than Red Hats combination of up2date and its lame add/remove packages tool. SuSE Linux has a nice software installation and update client, but Debian has a much larger number of supported packages available in its repositories. One of Debians biggest weaknesses is its installer program, which is among the most spartan installers weve seen. In our tests, we had some trouble with hardware detection and found the process much rougher than with Red Hat Linux or SuSE Linux. Progeny, a Linux technology company started by Debian Project founder Ian Murdock, has ported Red Hats very good Anaconda installation tool to Debian. ISO images for installing Sarge with Anaconda are available at platform.progeny.com. Debian could also benefit by integrating Red Hats system configuration tools. Although there are GUI tools available for most configuration tasks, Debian lacks a consistent set of utilities for system administration. Senior Analyst Jason Brooks can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. Check out eWEEK.coms Linux & Open Source Center at http://linux.eweek.com for the latest open-source news, reviews and analysis. Be sure to add our eWEEK.com Linux news feed to your RSS newsreader or My Yahoo page:
Users seeking more up-to-date packages can turn to Debians testing branch, known as Sarge, which can be viewed as a continual release candidate version of the upcoming stable Debian. When the latest Sarge version is fully tested, it will replace Woody as the stable Debian release.