Former Sun Exec Calls for Firm to Open-Source Java

By Peter Galli  |  Posted 2006-03-29 Print this article Print

In an open letter, ActiveGrid CEO Peter Yared asks Sun President Jonathan Schwartz why Sun refuses to open-source Java.

Sun Microsystems open-source strategy, or what some see as a lack of it, and its refusal to open-source Java have come under question again, this time by a former staffer who left Sun to start his own company. Peter Yared, founder and CEO of San Francisco-based ActiveGrid, has posted an open letter to Sun President and Chief Operating Officer Jonathan Schwartz on his Weblog, asking for some clarity on the Santa Clara, Calif., companys open-source software strategy and questioning why it was fine for Sun to open-source Solaris and StarOffice but not Java. Click here to read why a group of high-profile Java watchers say the technology will endure.
Yared, who was chief technology officer at NetDynamics when it was acquired by Sun in 1998, became chief technologist for Suns application server division, before becoming chief technologist for network identity and leaving in 2003 to start ActiveGrid, which provides an SOA (service-oriented application) platform built on the LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP/Python/Perl) software infrastructure stack, points out that there has been a lot of momentum around LAMP in the industry.
"The P languages in LAMP—PHP, Python and Perl—are all open source, and each provides their own virtual machine. It would be ideal if the Java Virtual Machine was open source so that open-source projects like PHP could use it. In turn, Java would be much more competitive with .Net, which supports numerous languages out of the box," Yared says in the letter. He then asks Schwartz to answer, "with a single coherent sentence that people can remember and repeat because if I ask five Sun employees this question, I get five different answers," why is it good to open-source Solaris and StarOffice and bad to open-source Java? "So having simple answers to these questions will clearly help your own workforce as well as your customers and prospects," he quips. Yared goes on to answer the question himself (Sun declined to respond to either the content of the open letter or the pivotal question it contained). However, a Sun spokesperson did offer eWEEK a briefing on the companys Java strategy closer to its JavaOne conference in San Francisco in May. Commenting on Suns refusal to respond to his open letter, Yared said Java has had a historically bad relationship with Linux and open source, which has led to the popularity of the LAMP stack. "It is disappointing that Sun refuses to even comment on an opportunity to mend that fence and welcome the open-source PHP, Python and Perl communities to Java," he said. But Schwartz has expressed his views on the question of open-sourcing Java before, including in this lengthy eWEEK interview on the topic. Schwartz also infuriated Linux supporters by claiming that Suns JCP (Java Community Process), which oversees Java, is truer to the ideal open source described in Eric Raymonds open-source movement bible, The Cathedral and the Bazaar. But Raymond does not see it that way. Click here to read more on how Raymond took Schwartz to task for those comments. For his part, Yared said the standard Sun answer is that Java will get fractured and that the JCP is great, but that thinking does not stand up because Solaris and StarOffice have not been fractured since being open-sourced. "Most of the Java innovation nowadays also came from open-source projects like Spring and Hibernate, not the JCP, which then has to re-create all of these open-source projects," he said. Next Page: Java creator gives his view.

Peter Galli has been a financial/technology reporter for 12 years at leading publications in South Africa, the UK and the US. He has been Investment Editor of South Africa's Business Day Newspaper, the sister publication of the Financial Times of London.

He was also Group Financial Communications Manager for First National Bank, the second largest banking group in South Africa before moving on to become Executive News Editor of Business Report, the largest daily financial newspaper in South Africa, owned by the global Independent Newspapers group.

He was responsible for a national reporting team of 20 based in four bureaus. He also edited and contributed to its weekly technology page, and launched a financial and technology radio service supplying daily news bulletins to the national broadcaster, the South African Broadcasting Corporation, which were then distributed to some 50 radio stations across the country.

He was then transferred to San Francisco as Business Report's U.S. Correspondent to cover Silicon Valley, trade and finance between the US, Europe and emerging markets like South Africa. After serving that role for more than two years, he joined eWeek as a Senior Editor, covering software platforms in August 2000.

He has comprehensively covered Microsoft and its Windows and .Net platforms, as well as the many legal challenges it has faced. He has also focused on Sun Microsystems and its Solaris operating environment, Java and Unix offerings. He covers developments in the open source community, particularly around the Linux kernel and the effects it will have on the enterprise.

He has written extensively about new products for the Linux and Unix platforms, the development of open standards and critically looked at the potential Linux has to offer an alternative operating system and platform to Windows, .Net and Unix-based solutions like Solaris.

His interviews with senior industry executives include Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer, Linus Torvalds, the original developer of the Linux operating system, Sun CEO Scot McNealy, and Bill Zeitler, a senior vice president at IBM.

For numerous examples of his writing you can search under his name at the eWEEK Website at


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