GPL Co-Author Spells Out License Goals

By Peter Galli  |  Posted 2006-01-19 Print this article Print

Richard Stallman, founder of FSF, speaks on the proposed changes to the GPL and his hopes for the revision process.

CAMBRIDGE, Mass.—Richard Stallman, the founder of the Free Software Foundation and co-author of the first draft discussion document for the GNU General Public License Version 3, said he is confident in the ability of the draft license to deal with the major issues that have emerged since the GPL was last updated 15 years ago: license compatibility, patents and Digital Rights Management. He also said he hopes that it will not be another 15 years before the new license is updated.
"Aside from little details, the draft license is good. It does the right things about the various issues that have come up," he told eWEEK in an exclusive interview at the first draft discussion document launch event here.
Click here to read a one-on-one interview with Richard Stallman from this weeks GPL draft conference at MIT. While the next version of the GPL will not be able to stop the spread of DRM (Digital Rights Management), it can stop GPL-covered software from being perverted into part of a DRM system, he said. "This is something that people have spoken about doing, people who thought that it was actually better to have supposedly free software twisted into DRM than to have DRM implemented some other way," he said. Read more here about the changes laid out in the draft GPL 3.0 license. "Why do I say twisted? Its because they would be using a program that was nominally free, in that its source code had a free software license on it. But, practically speaking, the users would not be able to exercise the freedoms that define free software, so it would not really be free software," Stallman said. With this in mind, Stallman and Eben Moglen, the FSFs general counsel and co-author of the daft, decided to put in provisions to make sure that people were given whatever signature codes they needed to be able to run their modified versions of software, and so that these could really do what the original version could do. "If they wont do that, then they cant distribute at all, because they would be distributing the code wrongly," he said. Asked how much more pervasive he thought DRM would become, Stallman said that powerful companies have already, to a substantial extent, imposed DRM on people. Many audio and video works and transmissions are already only available in DRM-controlled formats and can only be understood by non-free software. Read more here about the rationale behind the proposed GPL 3.0 changes. "There is no hope of making free software to handle it, and in many countries that would be illegal. They keep changing the Codec, and so, even if you did some reverse engineering and figured out the format and what is needed to decode it—in a place where that was legal—soon there will be another Codec. "So what people have to do is reject these formats. People should never install these players. They have to stand up for their own freedom or they will lose it. That is what history has shown us for years," he said. Next Page: Patents and retaliation.

Peter Galli has been a financial/technology reporter for 12 years at leading publications in South Africa, the UK and the US. He has been Investment Editor of South Africa's Business Day Newspaper, the sister publication of the Financial Times of London.

He was also Group Financial Communications Manager for First National Bank, the second largest banking group in South Africa before moving on to become Executive News Editor of Business Report, the largest daily financial newspaper in South Africa, owned by the global Independent Newspapers group.

He was responsible for a national reporting team of 20 based in four bureaus. He also edited and contributed to its weekly technology page, and launched a financial and technology radio service supplying daily news bulletins to the national broadcaster, the South African Broadcasting Corporation, which were then distributed to some 50 radio stations across the country.

He was then transferred to San Francisco as Business Report's U.S. Correspondent to cover Silicon Valley, trade and finance between the US, Europe and emerging markets like South Africa. After serving that role for more than two years, he joined eWeek as a Senior Editor, covering software platforms in August 2000.

He has comprehensively covered Microsoft and its Windows and .Net platforms, as well as the many legal challenges it has faced. He has also focused on Sun Microsystems and its Solaris operating environment, Java and Unix offerings. He covers developments in the open source community, particularly around the Linux kernel and the effects it will have on the enterprise.

He has written extensively about new products for the Linux and Unix platforms, the development of open standards and critically looked at the potential Linux has to offer an alternative operating system and platform to Windows, .Net and Unix-based solutions like Solaris.

His interviews with senior industry executives include Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer, Linus Torvalds, the original developer of the Linux operating system, Sun CEO Scot McNealy, and Bill Zeitler, a senior vice president at IBM.

For numerous examples of his writing you can search under his name at the eWEEK Website at


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