The survey also found that the United States is leading the adoption of open source globally, which is being driven by corporate America, which wants better value. But the situation is different in Europe, where open-source adoption is largely being driven by governments looking for better value for their citizens, he said. The research shows that this push is being driven by the French, Spanish, German and Italian governments, while the U.K. government came in sixth in the study.Howells noted that since the survey was driven by the enterprise and the findings were specific to those companiesboth in the United States and Europeit does not necessarily reflect what is going on elsewhere in the market. Some enterprises that migrated off Windows servers and onto Linux are moving back. Click here to read more. "We live on top of the stack, and if you look at the LAMP [Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP] stack, there is a lot of activity on top of that with things like Alfresco and the CRM [customer relationship management] players. So we wanted to know what kind of mixed stack we needed to support as there are a lot of combinations there. We also knew that it wasnt just open-source stacks, as users could be running on Windows, Oracle, with JBoss and Alfresco," he said. Customers signing up to join the Alfresco Content Community were asked a series of questions about how they evaluated, tested and deployed both open-source and proprietary software along with Alfrescos enterprise content management system. They were also asked for their preferences regarding operating systems, application servers, databases, browsers and portals so as to gain insight into how these companies evaluate and deploy open-source and legacy proprietary software stacks in the enterprise. "We found that there is a clear leader at each level of the open-source stack most of the time, but there is also a growing trend for organizations to adopt a mixed stack, combining both open-source and proprietary software to enable use of best-of-breed components," Howells said, noting that organizations want to maintain flexibility within the stack. Regarding application servers, the data indicated that enterprises prefer open-source Tomcat or JBoss over the leading proprietary offerings from Sun Microsystems, IBM and BEA Systems, even in production environments. JBoss is adopting a Fedora-like model. Read more here. On the database front, users said they test and deploy primarily on MySQL, with PostgreSQL "a surprisingly close second," while Oracle was the most popular among the proprietary databases. "To access the Alfresco ECM repository, users preferred browsers over portals, with Firefox the most popular choice among different browsers. When users selected a portal preference, 80 percent chose Liferay or JBoss Portal," Howells said. Red Hat Exchange delivers preconfigured, fully integrated solution stacks for 14 business applications. Learn more here. New members are continuously joining the Alfresco community and answering the survey questions, so the company plans to update the open-source barometer report every six months, and Howells will blog about the updates on a regular basis. Check out eWEEK.coms for the latest open-source news, reviews and analysis.
"This suggests that the British government is not pushing open source and is far more Microsoft-centric. So this indicates that there is a big difference between the U.S. and Europe," he said.