Utilities are expected to invest in cyber-security measures to protect electrical grids as they upgrade the infrastructure to include smart meters and other technologies.
Increasing risks to the
electrical grid will require utilities to invest a total of $4.1 billion
between 2011 and 2018 in cyber-security for industrial control systems,
research firm Pike Research said Aug. 23. The investments will be part of the
larger upgrade to the nation's energy grid, which include the installation of
In Pike's report,
"Industrial Control Systems Security," the clean-tech market
intelligence firm analyzed the market for industrial control systems (ICS) for
smart grids as well as performed an assessment of the major risks facing
. The cyber-security investments will increase at a relatively steady
rate over the next seven years, rising from $309 million in 2011 to $692
million annually by 2018, Pike said in its forecast.
"The smart grid changes
everything, but when it comes to cyber-security issues, much of the story
remains the same," said Pike Research senior analyst Bob Lockhart.
In the past, electrical
grids were controlled by electro-mechanical and pneumatic devices. Today, they
are controlled by computers running either Windows or Linux operating systems
on standard IP networks, according to Pike. Wireless and Bluetooth capabilities
are being added to supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) devices
that are integral to the grid backbone's day-to-day operations. While the
technology is intended to make utilities more efficient, they also open up a
plethora of risks because these systems are no longer isolated within the
facilities, Pike said. They are now directly accessible from the Internet and
can no longer rely on the facility's perimeter defenses.
The discovery of the Stuxnet
worm highlighted the security vulnerabilities in electrical grids and other
critical infrastructure, as well as the "fragility" of
, Lockhart said. "Nearly overnight, ICS security went from
being a non-issue to being critical," he said.
Investments in ICS
security will include control consoles and systems, telecommunications
security, human-machine interfaces, system sensors and collectors, Lockhart
said. The enhancements will benefit areas such as distribution automation,
substation automation and transmission upgrades, according to the report.
The investments will
also create new professional opportunities, such as development and maintenance
of security reference architectures for utilities' control networks,
development of security policies and procedures, maintenance of employee
security awareness programs for ICS and change management, the firm said.
Another reason for
investment is because there will be more smart meters out in the field to
protect. In a separate report earlier this month, Pike Research estimated that the
global installed base of smart meters will reach 535 million units by 2015 and
963 million units by 2020. Smart meters will represent the majority of all
installed electrical meters by 2018, and the penetration rate will reach 59
percent in 2020.
represent a compelling value proposition for utilities around the world,"
Bob Gohn, research director at Pike Research, said.
The growth of the
industry will be in waves across geographic regions, the researchers said, with
the North American market leading the way and peaking in 2012. The peak in Asia
Pacific is expected in 2015 and in Europe in 2017, and then there will be a
gradual long-term growth in Latin America, Middle East and Africa.