A defense industry engineer spoke at a technology conference in China and is now facing up to 20 years in prison on charges of illegally exporting military data to China.
A former employee
of a defense contractor based in New Jersey has been arrested and charged with
transporting military data to China.
Sixing Liu, also
known as Steve Liu, was arrested and appeared in United States District Court
in Chicago on March 8. He faces one count of
exporting defense-related technical data without a license. He was detained
pending a bail hearing on March 14. He could face up to 20 years in prison and
a $1 million fine if convicted.
Liu worked for an
unnamed New Jersey-based technology company from March 2009 to November 2010 as
a senior staff engineer, according to the Associated Press, citing the Federal
Bureau of Investigation affidavit listing the charges against Liu. The company
worked on "precision navigational devices" and other components for
the U.S. Department of Defense, the complaint said.
Even though the
company was not named in the affidavit, a search for "Steve Liu" on
the professional social networking site LinkedIn brought up a profile of Steve Liu at
, the sixth largest defense contractor in the United States.
According to his
LinkedIn profile, Liu's areas of expertise were "Space System, Tactical
Navigation, Land Navigation, Inertial Navigation Systems, Inertial Measurement
Units (IMUs), Inertial Flight Controls, and Ship's adaptive theory and steering
system." His project involved the Micro Disk Resonator Gyroscope (DRG) and
MEMS (micro-electro-mechanical system) chips to build complex aerospace
navigation systems, according to the profile.
Messages to L-3
Communications to confirm his employment were not returned.
The FBI affidavit
said Liu flew to China on Nov. 12, but was stopped by the U.S.
Customs and Border Protection agents on his return on Nov. 29. During a
screening, agents found a conference lanyard for a nametag amongst his luggage,
even though he'd said he'd been visiting family, according to the affidavit. A
more thorough search turned up a "folder containing multiple pages of
technical language, pictures of military weapons systems and documents written
in Chinese," wrote FBI Special Agent Lisa Lenches-Marrero in the
affidavit, according to ComputerWorld
The laptop also
contained images of Liu making a presentation at a Shanghai technology conference. ComputerWorld
identified the conference as the 4th Annual Workshop
on Innovation and Commercialization of Micro & Nanotechnology
international forum for nanotechnology researchers.
Although he was
listed on the conference Website with his company affiliation, he'd never
notified his employer and, according to company policy, he wasn't authorized to
take project data outside of the company, the affidavit said.
The information on
Liu's computer was considered sensitive military data that cannot be exported
without a license, the criminal complaint stated. The U.S. State Department's
Directorate of Defense Trade Controls later verified that information on Liu's
computer related to defense items listed on the U.S. Munitions List, according
to the Star-Ledger
Information on the list require a license before it can be taken out of the
country, and license requests are generally denied for countries upon which the
United States has imposed an arms embargo, such as China.
highly sensitive defense information to China, violating the rules of his company and
the laws of this country," U.S. Attorney Paul J. Fishman told the Associated
Born in China, Liu is a legal U.S. resident. He was arrested at his home in Deerfield, Ill.