WikiLeaks is no longer using Amazon EC2 servers to host thousands of classified documents. It originally moved to EC2 because of several DoS attacks and to handle high traffic volumes.
Amazon.com is no longer hosting WikiLeaks, the controversial site that posted
thousands of classified government documents this week.
"WikiLeaks servers at Amazon ousted. Free speech the land of the free-fine
our $ are now spent to employ people in Europe,"
WikiLeaks tweeted on Dec. 1.
According to the latest WHOIS information and data from the dig tool, it
appears that WikiLeaks has returned to its original Swedish provider, Bahnhof.
The main WikiLeaks site, originally hosted by Bahnhof, was hit by a denial-of-service
on Sunday that knocked it offline, hours before publishing more than
250,000 United States
embassy cables. The front page popped back up shortly afterward, on servers
traced back to Amazon EC2, according to Internet security firm Netcraft
WikiLeaks was distributing traffic between two IP addresses, one in United
States and the other in Ireland,
"on a round-robin" basis, Netcraft said.
The site with the actual cables, at Cablegate.wikileaks.org, was found to be
rotating between three IP addresses, two with French company Octopuce and
another, an Amazon EC2 server in the United
States, said Netcraft. Octopuce also hosts
the Iraq War Logs, which used to be on Amazon EC2 until mid-November, according
Sen. Joseph Lieberman's staff made inquiries to Amazon on Tuesday after
various reports surfaced about WikiLeaks being hosted on Amazon EC2, according
. The Connecticut
senator is also the chairman of the Senate Homeland Security Committee.
"I wish that Amazon had taken this action earlier based on WikiLeaks'
previous publication of classified material," Lieberman, an independent,
said in a statement.
Amazon would not comment on WikiLeaks or whether it terminated the
WikiLeaks has previously used a Swedish company called PRQ, which
specializes in "bulletproof hosting," and founder Julian Assange has
provides legal protection for the site's disclosures, according to the United
Kingdom-based The Telegraph.
Forbes reported in August that WikiLeaks had moved to Bahnhof
which operates in a Cold War-era nuclear bunker carved out of a rocky hill in
Even after moving to Amazon EC2 after the first Internet attack, WikiLeaks
was hit with a second
, making access to the site spotty.
Even though WikiLeaks and Assange are currently under investigation, it is
unlikely that Amazon will face legal action for hosting the site, according to
the Wall Street Journal, citing legal experts.
Not all of the Amazon's EC2 servers are located in the United States, and
"it could cause a major incident if the U.S. government were to take
action against a company on the basis that it might be hosting material the
government finds embarrassing," according to the U.K.-based Guardian.
WikiLeaks obtained scores of internal U.S. State Department communications,
some of which were classified and included candid and embarrassing assessments
of world leaders, allegedly from U.S.
service member Bradley Manning. The site has been harshly condemned by various U.S.
government officials, including Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and
President Barack Obama, for damaging relations with foreign governments and
potentially giving information to terrorists.
However, U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates said at a Pentagon news conference
that descriptions of potential harm from secret diplomatic cables posted online
by WikiLeaks are "significantly overwrought," and that the
disclosures will have a "fairly modest" impact on foreign policy.