In contrast, a connection from Zultys SIP PBX out to an SIP-based carrier requires a $30-per-port license fee, said Ferriter. And it can be accomplishedassuming your data pipe is wide enoughjust as soon as the provider sets up your account and you configure your PBX and point it at the providers IP address. Just because the states rights to regulate access fees and universal service charges will not apply to VOIP doesnt mean these fees can disappear altogether, however. Someone has to pay to keep rural residents and businesses reachable, and their carriers solvent.The FCC will have to tackle a whole host of issues to get this moneyor some of itout of callers, and the cost of VOIP service may not be able to stay as low as it is now when theyre done. But the amounts required may dwindle as more economic ways are found to tie in rural areas. "It doesnt follow that we have the same cost structure we have today, especially if you look at things like broadband over power. Maybe some of these rural areas wont have the same costs," Jackson said. Click here to read about how Canada is dealing with the issue of VOIP regulation. Intercarrier compensation will have to be rethought as well. Now based on paying local carriers per minute for completed or originated calls, it will have to move towards capacity-based compensation, Jackson said, "based on the size of the pipe they provide to other carriers." And Jackson noted that the Feds will take over for the states in regulating certain basic public interest requirements, which have costs. But the states may be left in the picture in part. "I think theyll work with the states, too, on things like disabled access, law enforcement, Universal Service fees, intercarrier compensation, and emergency wiretap," he said. "I think the FCC will set the broad parameters, and the day-to-day, consumer problemssuch things as fraud, false marketingwill be handled at the state level." eWEEK.com VOIP & Telephony Center Editor Ellen Muraskin can be reached at Ellen_Muraskin@ziffdavis.com. Check out eWEEK.coms VOIP & Telephony Center at http://voip.eweek.com for the latest news, views and analysis on voice over IP and telephony.
"People can forget that universal service has a market value," Jackson said. "I may not want to call rural Nebraska, but Im not sure I want to buy my service from someone who excludes them. From that standpoint, rural operators should get something."