Intel Nehalem Will Give Virtualization a Boost

By Cameron Sturdevant  |  Posted 2009-03-30 Print this article Print

eWEEK Labs' analysis of Nehalem, or the Intel Xeon 5500 series, shows that the microprocessor architecture's integrated memory controller, additional memory channel and slew of performance improvements will allow IT managers to consolidate more virtual machines onto fewer physical systems and will allow the virtualization of apps that couldn't be virtualized before.

Server virtualization is getting a boost from the newest Intel microprocessor architecture, known as Nehalem.

With an integrated memory controller, an additional memory channel and a slew of performance improvements, Nehalem will enable IT managers to consolidate more virtual machines onto fewer physical systems. The new Intel platform should also be a trigger for IT managers to take a second look at virtualizing applications that did not perform well when run on VMs hosted on the previous generation of Intel server chips.

Data center managers anticipating server and virtualization implementations or upgrades should start testing Nehalem-based systems to gauge performance and compatibility.

With VMware ESX 4.0 expected to ship sometime this year, now is the time to begin the evaluation process to see how Intel's newest processor platform might fit in your data center. eWEEK Labs will be testing servers based on Nehalem as soon as they become available, so watch for our hands-on test results.

Performance capabilities in the Nehalem microarchitecture-whose formal name is the Intel Xeon 5500 series-will  shift the limiting factors that currently govern server virtualization from purely physical considerations of CPU, memory and network bandwidth. The new limit will very likely be the amount of risk an organization is willing to take by putting many virtual eggs in a single physical basket.

The considerable advances in the Intel Nehalem chip design include Turbo mode, in which the processor frequency can be controlled based on workload, and hyperthreading-a function resurrected from the Intel Pentium 4 processor and now called "simultaneous multithreading." These changes set the stage for new advances in server virtualization, but not a new benchmark-Intel rival Advanced Micro Devices has had integrated memory controllers for some time in its Opteron server chips.

Virtualization heavyweight VMware has been a close partner of both Intel and AMD to ensure that CPU advances can improve VM performance with the goal of constantly reducing the difference between physical and virtual machines.

IT managers also should note that the newly minted Cisco Unified Computing System server blades, which were announced on March 15, launched using only Intel Nehalem-based processors. Cisco is hoping that data center managers will be compelled by this platform, on which it has packaged compute, storage, network, memory and server virtualization in a unified chassis.

Cameron Sturdevant Cameron Sturdevant is the executive editor of Enterprise Networking Planet. Prior to ENP, Cameron was technical analyst at PCWeek Labs, starting in 1997. Cameron finished up as the eWEEK Labs Technical Director in 2012. Before his extensive labs tenure Cameron paid his IT dues working in technical support and sales engineering at a software publishing firm . Cameron also spent two years with a database development firm, integrating applications with mainframe legacy programs. Cameron's areas of expertise include virtual and physical IT infrastructure, cloud computing, enterprise networking and mobility. In addition to reviews, Cameron has covered monolithic enterprise management systems throughout their lifecycles, providing the eWEEK reader with all-important history and context. Cameron takes special care in cultivating his IT manager contacts, to ensure that his analysis is grounded in real-world concern. Follow Cameron on Twitter at csturdevant, or reach him by email at

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