Networking and the Outlook
on Leopard"> Networking Windows Vista will be superior to Tiger in terms of networking, mostly because Windows is a better client for Microsoft servers.Part of this is Microsofts fault, such as the lack of support of the MAPI protocol in Exchange Server. But Apple has been slow to include Microsoft authentication protocols and support for Active Directory, which first showed up in Panther and then Tiger.Even now, incompatibilities and glitches persist, even with basic file sharing. Vista has some new networking features, such as the ability to send presentation to connect to a project on the network, which isnt found in Tiger. Microsoft is also promising the ability to access applications and desktops over the Internet without a virtual private network. Tiger also doesnt have Vistas purported built-in support for "social networking" technologies, which include Weblogs, RSS, and Wikis. Although Tigers Safari Web browser supports RSS, Vista will have RSS embedded in the core of the OS, so that any application could potentially take advantage of it should a developer decide to do so. An application could not only subscribe to RSS feeds, but could include RSS browsing and searching, ordering and sortingin short, a method of managing data. Like Panther and Tiger, Windows Vista will support (IPv6) Internet Protocol Version 6. Security Certainly, Windows is a target of more malware than is Mac OS X, and security in Vista is more sophisticated than in Tiger. Read more here about Vistas security prospects from columnist Larry Seltzer. For instance, Internet Explorer 7 will run in a Vista "containment area" called Low-Rights mode that will attempt to keep worms and spyware out of Windows. Malware simply wont have the privileges needed to write files or change the Registry. There will also be anti-phishing techniques employed. Vista will support laptops with Trusted Platform Module chips, which creates a secure boot that protects hardware and applications from being run by unauthorized users or by malicious software. Both Vista and Tiger have the ability to automatically encrypt all data on the hard disk. Vista and the Outlook on Leopard Apples market share has jumped 37 percent in the past year to 4.5 percent of the PC market, still small by Microsoft standards, but significant for Apples bottom line. Hardware with the familiar Intel inside is likely to entice more PC users than todays Power PC, and the iPod effect could still be a factor. But to continue this kind of growth, Apples Leopard will need to be a compelling alternative to Vista. It would not be difficult for Apple to add some of Vistas user interface features, such as thumbnails in document and folder icons. Apple will need a further move away from the desktop and folder metaphor with further development of Spotlight and possibly new file management techniques. Increased use of RSS and Internet access within the OS would be helpful. Leopard will also need to continue Mac OS Xs trend of increasingly better compatibility with Windows networks. Users can expect continued development in Apples strengths, consumer accessible music, image management and video editing. New multimedia features in iPod would also be a welcome addition. Editors Note: This story was updated to clarify language about PDF and Metro. It also corrects the resolution of Tiger icons, which is 128-by-128 pixels. Check out eWEEK.coms for Microsoft and Windows news, views and analysis.