IBM Leads Patent Field for 21st Consecutive Year
Although the sheer number of patents matters, what the consistent patent performance by IBM really demonstrates is a tangible outcome of the company's long-standing commitment to research, development and innovation. This long-term commitment to R&D is why IBM is able to place big bets on breakthroughs like Watson, which the company broke out into its own separate business unit at an event in New York last week. Indeed, several of IBM's patented inventions from 2013 support emerging innovations and technologies like Watson, cognitive computing, cloud computing and analytics. These patented inventions will lead the way to a new era of cognitive systems and enable important future breakthroughs that have are still being conceived, IBM said. For instance, U.S. Patent No. 8,510,296—lexical answer type confidence estimation and application—directly supports and enables key capabilities in IBM Watson. This patented invention enables Watson to more accurately assess questions posed in natural language and determine confidence in the accuracy of potential answers. The reason IBM formed the Watson Group was to accelerate the impact of patented Watson inventions. The new business unit will tap the company's software, services, research, industry experts and sellers to advance development and delivery of a new class of Watson-enabled cognitive computing apps and technologies to the marketplace. Other key IBM 2013 patents include:--U.S. Patent No. 8,422,686 (automated validation and execution of cryptographic key and certificate deployment and distribution): This patented invention automates the life cycle of cryptographic keys used to encrypt and secure data—from creation and deployment to deletion—and can enhance security for cloud computing applications. --U.S. Patent No. 8,352,953 (dynamically provisioning virtual machines): This invention solves the "noisy neighbor" problem that reduces online system availability and constrains cloud computing network bandwidth when Websites, such as online retailers or auction sites, encounter unexpected dramatic spikes in demand. --U.S. Patent No. 8,387,065 (speculative popcount data creation): This patent describes an approach for big data and analytics computing where a small region or population of analyzed data—known as a popcount—is counted, sorted and speculatively analyzed in real time for trends or outliers. The idea is based on a counterintuitive premise: that big data analysis is small. The method improves data analysis performance, reduces processor resources needed to analyze the data and is based upon modern graph theories. Built into IBM's POWER processors—the chip within IBM's Watson and IBM's Power Systems servers—speculative popcount is advancing cryptanalysis, real-time error correction for streaming data and the cognitive computing era.
--U.S. Patent No. 8,515,885 (neuromorphic and synaptronic spiking neural network with synaptic weights learned using simulation): This patented invention describes breakthrough brain-inspired computers that lay the foundation for a new generation of cognitive systems via hardware and software co-design. As part of a DARPA-funded Systems of Neuromorphic Adaptive Plastic Scalable Electronics (SyNAPSE) project, IBM is developing a chip architecture that aspires to emulate the human brain's cognitive capabilities while rivaling its energy and volume efficiency.