With Struts 1 now at the EOL stage, Apache is recommending Struts 2 as an open-source, extensible successor framework for creating enterprise-ready Java Web applications.
Created in 2000 to provide an improved development experience over pure Java Server Pages (JSP) use, Apache Struts 1 soon became the de facto standard for Java-based Web application development. Numerous organizations adopted Struts 1 as a strategic platform, even after Java Server Faces (JSF) was introduced as a standardized Java EE framework for Web application development. Its popularity was so prevalent in the early 2000s, most job offerings in the space of Java-based Web technology required Struts 1 as a must-have skill, ASF officials said.
Today, many major Websites and Web-based user interfaces continue to rely on Struts 1 technology. In addition, many popular Web frameworks, such as Spring MVC and WebWork, were significantly inspired by Struts 1.
ASF said the Apache Struts Project Management Committee is not aware of any urgent issues posing the immediate need to eliminate Struts 1 use. However, the project's EOL status signifies that security and bug fixes will no longer be provided as of April 9. The Apache Struts project recommends new projects to be developed using Struts 2 as opposed to Struts 1. While any action-based Java Web framework is a potential candidate to reuse Struts 1 architectural experience or migrate existing Struts-1-based applications, "users are highly advised to investigate Struts 2 as a successor framework," ASF said in a statement.
Struts 2 is modern, highly decoupled and feature-rich, and is successfully running in many mission-critical projects globally, ASF said. It shares the same basic principles with Struts 1, and offers an improved architecture, API and solution portfolio.
The last release of Apache Struts 1 is version 1.3.10 from December 2008. All software downloads, notices and updates are available on the Apache Struts project home page at http://struts.apache.org/. The Struts community continues its focus on pushing the Apache Struts 2 framework forward, with as many as 23 releases to date, ASF said.
Meanwhile, also on April 9, ASF officials announced that Apache cTAKES (clinical Text Analysis and Knowledge Extraction System) has graduated from the Apache Incubator to become a top-level project (TLP). Apache cTAKES is an open-source natural-language-processing (NLP) system for information extraction from electronic medical record clinical free-text. Widely used in production by numerous organizations across the health care sector, cTAKES was started in 2006 by a team of physicians, computer scientists and software engineers at Mayo Clinic, and was submitted to the Apache Incubator in June 2012.