A few weeks ago, the first working draft of the XMLHttpRequest Object specification was published. The beginnings of this standard may have huge implications for AJAX and Atlas programmers.
This is an important step for highly interactive Web applications to become mainstream, and its part of a wider W3C initiative to standardize Web APIs.
The XMLHttpRequest object is an interface exposed by Web browsers scripting engine to perform HTTP client functionality.
The term was coined in the article "Ajax: A New Approach to Web Applications," written in February 2005 by Jesse James Garrett.
The W3C, or the World Wide Web Consortium, was founded by Tim Berners-Lee in 1994 at MIT.
The W3C develops open technical specifications that can be used for free by anyone.
These specifications are reached by a democratic process and any member can suggest a new project. If there is sufficient support within the consortium, the project proceeds. When it is finished, it is released by the consortium as a "recommendation."
The W3C does not enforce its recommendations; it simply encourages everyone to adopt them.