Sprint’s announcement on Nov. 7 that the company would purchase spectrum and customer accounts in the Chicago and St. Louis areas, as well as in other parts of the Upper Midwest from US Cellular, is an effort to get Sprint the LTE spectrum it needs.
US Cellular has coverage in the Midwest along with areas in New England and in the Pacific Northwest. The Sprint deal would net US Cellular about $480 million. Sprint would get 20 MHz of LTE spectrum in the PCS bands where Sprint already operates.
Ultimately, this deal is about the spectrum that Sprint needs to overcome its currently weak position in LTE spectrum holdings. Sprint currently divides its 4G network among its own limited LTE deployments, WiMax deployments, and 4G deployments owned by Clearwire. Sprint owns slightly less than half of Clearwire.
When the US Cellular deal was first announced, it seemed like a ploy by Sprint to become a larger carrier through acquisition, but once I read through the description of the deal from US Cellular’s viewpoint, it’s clear that Sprint isn’t actually becoming much bigger. While it will be getting a half-million subscribers through the acquisition, those are pretty expensive subscribers and there aren’t enough of them to affect Sprint’s size in terms of competition.
So what’s Sprint up to? Obviously to expand its LTE spectrum holdings. Sprint is hurting pretty badly when it comes to that. But Sprint already has a large chunk of Clearwire, and they have lots of spectrum. Unfortunately, Clearwire isn’t in great financial shape. Unless Sprint quickly succeeds in taking control of Clearwire, its partner could decide to sell itself to another carrier.
Fortunately for Sprint, that possibility occurred to somebody and shortly after the SoftBank acquisition Sprint moved to buy enough of Clearwire to have controlling interest. But the Clearwire acquisition hasn’t made it through U.S. Department of Justice antitrust review or Federal Communication Commission license transfer approval. So it’s not in place yet. That will likely happen shortly before Sprint closes with US Cellular, assuming there are no regulatory objections.
The reason for the urgency is two-fold. First, AT&T has been on a buying spree to add as much LTE spectrum as it can find. If Sprint waited, it could be that AT&T would decide to buy part of US Cellular. This way, Sprint when it combines the spectrum it has from the Clearwire deal to the spectrum from the US Cellular deal, will have enough room for LTE for now.