Management practices in multinational companies in India are second only to management in the United States. However, the management of local Indian companies fares poorly, landing them at the bottom of the study.
"I cant give a reason for why India is at the lower end and the higher end," said Stephen Dorgan of McKinsey and Co., one of the four authors of the study "Management Practice & Productivity." "India is where it is."
However, he pointed out one particular result: 75 percent of U.S. companies are worse managed than the top 10 percent of Indian companies.
One theory as to Indias strong multinational performance is that, as one of the worlds fastest-developing economies, its open to foreign ownership and the practices that multinational companies bring. India has a good deal of opportunity to learn from multinational companies, as businesses such as American Express and General Electric have established branches there.
The study revealed that multinational companies are more successful than government-run organizations and family firms. More importantly, theyre even more successful than local companies, which have a home-turf advantage. The study attributes the increased performance of a company to a managers good practices, which means multinational companies have better managers than any other workplace.
Why is this? "When, say, Starbucks opens a branch in the U.K., it doesnt transfer people, it transfers management practice," Dorgan said. In other words, multinational companies propagate the best techniques in their new frontier, while leaving the unsuccessful methods out in the cold.
Like the United States and the United Kingdom, Indian firms tend to manage people better; they are more likely to reward outstanding performance and give promotions based on merit. Countries such as Japan, Germany and Sweden excel at operations management.
Unfortunately, good management cannot be quantified in simple commandments, such as "Thou shalt give bonuses when reaching this goal." The techniques to best align a firms strategies with its resources can be easily researched, though.
The study noticed that good management is helped by flexible labor markets, competition within a given market and educated employees (84 percent of managers tend to be better educated than their employees by a degree level or higher).
The project reviewed more than 4,000 medium-sized manufacturers in the United States, Europe and Asia and took five years to complete.