Application Development: Google, Apple, Amazon Push HTML5 to the Fore as Adobe Flash Falls
Adobe Acquires Nitobi
More than one month later, Adobe drops the bombshell that it is pushing aside mobile Flash for HTML5. "HTML5 is now universally supported on major mobile devices, in some cases exclusively. This makes HTML5 the best solution for creating and deploying content in the browser across mobile platforms," said Danny Winokur, vice president and general manager of Interactive Development at Adobe, in November. He would later tell the Wall Street Journal: "If you want to be delivering a Web experience around multiple devices, you have to be doing it in HTML5." Adobe in December launched its last Flash mobile plug-in with Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich support.
HTML5 and Ice Cream Sandwich
Google's HTML5 strengths aren't limited to Chrome and other desktop apps. HTML5 framework provider Sencha benchmarked Google's Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich OS on the new Samsung Galaxy Nexus and found that it has a solid browser for normal page browsing and adds major new features that support most of the HTML5 specification. "It also has taken a big step forward in correctness of rendering, which is a welcome change for people who want to push their mobile browsers to the limit," Sencha said.
As Sencha noted, Apple's iOS 5 is great at rendering HTML5. Apple has long backed and incorporated the standard Web language.
Strategy Analytics Prediction
Apple iOS' and Google Android's successes running HTML5 have spurred some research analysts to predict big things for HTML5 on mobile phones in the future. Strategy Analytics believes HTML5 phone sales will surge from 336 million units in 2011 to 1 billion units in 2013.
Amazons Kindle Cloud Reader
Adobe, Google and Apple aren't the only players interested in using HTML5. Amazon used HTML5 to build its Kindle Cloud Reader, which skirted around Apple's App Store's rules for in-app purchases and subscriptions.
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b>Microsoft Internet Explorer 9Just as Google did with Chrome, Microsoft bet big on HTML5 for Microsoft Internet Explorer 9 and the next-generation IE 10 browsers. Microsoft also created this HTML5 Labs site where the company provides prototypes of early specifications from standards bodies, such as the W3C.
Browser maker Opera of course spearheaded the HTML5 movement early on and included a new HTML5-compliant parser in its Opera 11.60 beta build in November.
Facebook, which lured HTML5 engineer Charles Jolley from Apple, is using HTML5 on several fronts, including its latest platform for Web developers. Facebook for iOS allows users to launch HTML5-based apps.
Rovio Mobile created an HTML5-based version of its smash-hit "Angry Birds" title that lets users play the game in HTML5-enabled Web browsers such as Chrome, Firefox or IE9. Indeed, games with all of their interactive elements lend themselves well to HTML5.