Exhibiting steady improvement over previous versions, The GNOME Projects GNOME 1.4 and KDE Projects KDE 2.1.1 each go a long way toward making Linux a viable replacement for Windows on mainstream corporate desktops. But neither desktop interface has yet reached parity with the established playerspervasive support for features such as cut and paste across the interface can still be unpredictable.
eWeek Labs found that KDE (K Desktop Environment) comes much closer to delivering the sort of smooth interface that users have come to expect from the Macintosh and Windows operating systems than does GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment). In tests, KDE delivered snappier and more polished performance than did GNOME on the same hardware.
However, it is important to note that KDE 2.1.1 has had the benefit of two bug-fixing updates since its major 2.0 updatewe expect GNOME to make substantial gains between now and its own 2.0 release, slated for the end of this year.
KDE 2.1.1 launched at the end of last monthbinary packages and source code are available for free download at www.kde.org. GNOME 1.4 became available this month and can be downloaded for free from www.gnome.org.
In a few weeks, Ximian Inc. is expected to come out with its own distribution of GNOME 1.4, along with an easy installer program. We recommend that most sites interested in installing GNOME wait for the Ximian release to do so.
We tested GNOME and KDE on identical 550MHz Pentium III-powered machines, each configured with 384MB of RAM and running Caldera Systems Inc.s OpenLinux eDesktop 2.4both GNOME and KDE will run on a variety of Linux, BSD and Unix distributions as well.
The starkest change to GNOME 1.4 is the inclusion of Eazel Inc.s Nautilus as GNOMEs default graphical shell. In addition to replacing GNU Midnight Commander as GNOMEs file manager, Nautilus can be used to draw the GNOME desktop as well, which makes Nautilus the primary way in which users interact with GNOME.
Nautilus presents users with an attractive interface, with no shortage of little animations and mouse-overs to comfort those new to Linux. Although we liked Nautilus design, the program seemed bolted on to GNOME in a way that Konqueror, KDEs improved and tightly integrated file manager, is not.
For example, unless users allow Nautilus to draw their desktopwhich slows GNOME down a bitits not possible to drag and drop items from Nautilus to the GNOME desktop.
New in GNOME 1.4 is XALF (X11 Application Launch Feedback), with which users may configure GNOME to display an animated hourglass or other indicator that an application is starting up. Although the sort of feedback that XALF provides is a minor design touch, it helps make the desktop environment more approachable.
KDE 2.1.1 boasts improved theme support, which enables users to control the look of their desktop. The high level of configurability of the GNOME and KDE desktop interfaces is one of their advantages over Windows.
With Qt 2.3 from Trolltech AS, KDE 2.1.1 adds support for anti-aliased fonts for better display quality, a feature not expected in GNOME until its 2.0 release.
KDE is now able to display previews of text, HTML and image files on the desktop, a capability not available in GNOME.
The most recent desktop environment from the GNOME Project brings in Eazels Nautilus as its default graphical shell and adds a variety of usability enhancements. However, sites that are new to Linux will likely have a better experience with KDE.
SHORT-TERM BUSINESS IMPACT // GNOME 1.4 presents a major installation headache, so most sites should wait to install it until Ximian releases its own GNOME 1.4 distribution.
LONG-TERM BUSINESS IMPACT // Beginning with version 2.0, GNOME will be the default desktop environment for Solaris and HP-UX, making it the most common face of Unix and seeding GNOME throughout the enterprise.
Provides feedback during application launch; includes Nautilus file manager.
Slower than KDE; difficult to install; inconsistent support for cut-and-paste operations.
The GNOME Project; www.gnome.org
The latest version of KDE Projects K Desktop Environment delivers the sort of smooth, predictable user experience vital to the future of Linux as a desktop operating system. KDE 2.1.1 is also a little less rough around the edges than GNOME, although another release of GNOME expected by the end of the year could close that gap.
SHORT-TERM BUSINESS IMPACT // KDEs interface will be familiar to users of Windows but will, nevertheless, require a measure of retraining.
LONG-TERM BUSINESS IMPACT // KDE 2.1.1 could pave the way for wider eventual acceptance of Linux on corporate desktops.
Uses improved Konqueror file manager; allows desktop file preview; includes inproved theme support, giving users more control over the appearance of their desktop interface; anti-aliased fonts improve display quality.
Inconsistent support for cut-and-paste operations.
KDE Project, Gilbert, Ariz.; (480)732-1752; www.kde.org