Windows 98: What Now?
Among enterprises, the Windows 9x architecture continues to retain a considerable corporate presence. In a survey of 670 corporations, the research division of consulting company AssetMetrix Research Labs found that more than 80 percent of companies had at least one instance of Windows 95 or Windows 98. In addition, more than 27 percent of the total PCs deployed at the 670 organizations surveyed were running Windows 95 or Windows 98, compared with about 7 percent using Windows XP, according to AssetMetrix, of Ottawa.
Microsoft has not had great success in getting customers to upgrade every time it releases a new operating systemapproximately every two to three years, said Chad Robinson, an analyst at research company Robert Frances Group Inc., in Westport, Conn. Instead, most companies prefer to upgrade desktop systems on longer cyclesas much as five to eight years for fixed tasks.
Enterprises that cant justify the cost of an upgrade or dont see the value in upgrading have the option of running Windows 9x systems without support. In fact, many organizations chose to do exactly that when Microsoft discontinued support for Windows NT and NT Domains two years ago. In the AssetMetrix survey, an estimated 13.3 percent of PCs continue to run NT 4.0 today.
Enterprises must consider a number of factors before upgrading. Moving to Windows XP or a non-Microsoft operating system will incur training and hardware upgrade costs, for example. Moving to Windows 2000, meanwhile, may be risky because the operating system is relatively mature and could be phased out by Microsoft in the not-too-distant future.
The easiest way to upgrade from Windows 9x is to start fresh by bringing in new PCs. The added benefit is that hardware that will easily support Windows XP or Windows 2000 stands a better chance of being able to support Longhorn when it becomes available.
IT managers such as Gregory Smith, CIO of the World Wildlife Fund and an eWEEK Corporate Partner, advocates system replacement instead of upgrades. "We adopted a clear replacement strategy with new computers preinstalled with Win XP Pro," said Smith. "We were able to reduce labor costs and capitalize new PC purchases with the OEM-installed version of the OS."
Senior Writer Anne Chen is at firstname.lastname@example.org.
(Editors note: This story was originally published in the Jan. 12 issue of eWEEK. The story was amended to reflect Microsofts extension of Windows 98 support from January 2004 to June 2006. The extension was announced Jan. 12.)