Unlike individual employee terminations, which are customarily unannounced and immediate, layoffs present a larger threat to corporations because they leave the door open to both intentional and unintentional data loss, leakage and integrity problems. When employees sense impending layoffs or are told in advance and kept on for a limited time to transition, that is when rumors and panic consume the employees. It's then that the company's sensitive data can be compromised.
For this reason, the strategy for any corporation planning a layoff should include setting policies and making sure practices are in place to secure their sensitive data now.
Steps to protect company data before a layoff is implemented
Step No. 1: Create a set of policies
Create a set of policies outlining acceptable use, data responsibility and data retention that is shared with and understood by all employees. If you already have these in place, now is the perfect time to revisit and refresh them.
Step No. 2: Implement a standard procedure for employee termination
Implement a standard procedure for employee termination, which includes when and how an employee's network access is terminated, how equipment and data (both hard copy and electronic) is collected, and how access privileges are assigned for any transitional period.
Step No. 3: Maintain an up-to-date auditing of your company's data
Maintain an up-to-date auditing of where your company's data is stored, who has access to that data, who can administer permissions or configurations on servers, and how data is backed up. If possible, use software tools or policy-enforced procedures that provide an audit log of data access and modification.
Most document management systems can provide a log of both file retrieval and per-user changes. Knowing what content and access permissions each employee is granted greatly impacts your ability to secure and collect that information when the time comes.