To some extent, the breach that got Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg was more an amusing lesson than a catastrophe. Zuckerberg's LinkedIn login information was taken in the massive breach of that service four years ago, but it wasn't made public until a few weeks ago. When hackers found Zuckerberg's password, they tried it in other places, briefly hijacked his Twitter and Pinterest accounts, and then bragged about it online.
Fortunately, Zuckerberg has a top security team, so the password problem was fixed almost instantly. Apparently, Zuckerberg overlooked the passwords on some accounts that he uses only infrequently, and when they were set up years ago, nobody thought much about security. Today they do.
One of the basic rules about security when it comes to passwords is that you should have unique passwords for every place you visit online that uses passwords and that you should change them periodically. This is a good rule, and if everybody followed it, we'd see fewer breaches like the one that caught Zuckerberg. But almost nobody follows the advice because it's hard. Really hard.
Think of all the places where you enter your user name and password and add them all up. It will certainly be in the dozens when you count your corporate, financial and sensitive services, such as your medical records. Then add your social media sites, recreational and shopping sites, and you could start getting into the hundreds. This would mean that you create and keep track of hundreds of unique passwords that are complex enough to preclude guessing.
It also requires making sure they can't be guessed because user names are frequently known publicly, what with the current trend of requiring your email address as your user name on many sites. This means that a hacker really only has to guess one thing to get into your accounts—your password. So it needs to be good.
And now we come to the problem that confronted Zuckerberg and which almost certainly confronts you now. How do you create those passwords and how do you keep track of them? It's a daunting task, especially in cases where it's an account you rarely use.
Fortunately, there's an answer. Password managers are available from a variety of sources. They're frequently free for individuals, but there are also enterprise password managers. There are a couple of very nice, very secure password management devices for situations when software on your computer or in the cloud just isn't secure enough.
For years, I've used the password manager from Mandylion Labs for things that are really important. This is a token that will create complex passwords for you, and it will keep track of up to 50 logins. You can access the token through a keypad and small screen or through a USB connection. The keypad requires a coded set of button presses, and if you get them wrong, it can lock the token or erase it completely.
Not everyone is ready for a password manager with military-grade security, so there are plenty of software password managers available. Most will work on Windows computers and on Android and iOS devices. Some will also work on Mac OS devices.