NEWS ANALYSIS: Some reported breaches are real, but in the case of Google, the company itself was not breached and 5 million users are not actually at risk.
Seemingly every day this year, my inbox is bombarded with PR folks telling me about their clients' opinion on the latest breach. In many cases, those breaches
turn out to be non-trivial and quite real, as has been the case with Target, Goodwill and Home Depot.
In some cases, those alleged breaches are not quite what they seem to be. Case in point is a report first posted to a Russian Bitcoin forum site
that information on nearly 5 million Google account holders was breached this week.
Any alleged attack against Google is noteworthy, and 5 million accounts is also a significant number. That said, the bigger questions that always should be asked in any breach coverage center on what was stolen and whether there is any real impact.
As a professional, facts are my currency, and speculation is just a cheap narcotic. So when I initially saw the first Google account breach reports, I held off on writing until the facts were revealed.
The facts are that Google itself was not breached and 5 million users are not actually at risk.
In a blog post
Sept. 10, Google claimed that less than 2 percent of the username/password credentials in the Russian breach list were actually valid.
To add further fuel to the fire, Google noted that its automated anti-hijacking systems would limit the risk on the 2 percent that might be affected. Additionally, Google is now telling those people in the 2 percent list that they are required to reset their passwords.
So to recap, it wasn't 5 million "real" passwords, and of those that might be real, there is little user risk. It also was not actually an attack directly against Google's infrastructure either.
"It's important to note that, in this case and in others, the leaked usernames and passwords were not the result of a breach of Google systems," Google stated. "Often, these credentials are obtained through a combination of other sources."
So what does that mean? Simply put, Google account information is also used on non-Google systems and also might be stored outside of Google's control or influence. An attacker can get a user account by a breach of a third-party system or more likely via a phishing attack against a user.
In this case, Google has made it painfully obvious that the risk is low with this credentials breach. Aside from the fact that only 2 percent of the account information might be valid, Google's efforts to protect its users and its systems from attacks are exemplary. Alerting users to the potential of a highjack and requiring a new password is an excellent best practice.
The use of other security tools and techniques to detect anomalous account behavior is also admirable. As I've written
in the case of the Apple iCloud security incident, it is incumbent on Internet vendors and online services to proactively defend users against fraud, and that's precisely what Google is doing.
Sean Michael Kerner is a senior editor at
InternetNews.com. Follow him on Twitter @TechJournalist