NEWS ANALYSIS: U.S. Senator John McCain wants to enlist Silicon Valley in the war on terrorism, but at the cost of eroding citizens' privacy and compromising U.S. technical superiority.
U.S. Senator John McCain wants Silicon Valley to "join the war on terrorism."
At least, that's what he said in the headline of an OP/ED he penned for BloombergView
The obvious implication here is that Washington, D.C., is fighting terrorism but the U.S. tech industry is standing in the way.
Specifically, according to Senator McCain, companies like Apple and Google are making it difficult for government agencies to fight terrorism by making end-to-end encryption "the default setting on many phones and operating systems."
McCain spins and obfuscates as politicians do. But, ultimately, he claims that bad people are having conversations beyond the reach of the U.S. government and that this is unacceptable.
I applaud McCain's optimism, patriotism and activism, but he's on the wrong side of the encryption debate.
Dangerously, he's calling for legally mandated "back doors" that would enable law enforcement and spy agencies to eavesdrop on email, text messages and other forms of online communication.
McCain trots out the old "balanced approach" idea, designed to make his proposal sound reasonable: "Americans of course need access to technology that keeps our personal and business communications private, but this must be balanced with concerns over national security."
U.S. politicians like McCain fantasize about widespread use of encrypted communication that only U.S. government police and intelligence authorities can access.
He seems to believe this is both possible and desirable. It is neither.
It's not possible because any backdoor can be exploited by hackers. The same mechanism built for the FBI or the National Security Agency (NSA) will likely be used by Chinese industrial espionage hackers, Eastern European hacker extortionists and even by Islamic State terrorists.
In fact, such a back door would spawn an industry to crack it. And once they inevitably do, the keys to that encryption would be made available to anyone with the money to pay for it.
But even if government-exclusive back doors were possible, they are not desirable.
McCain's fantasy imagines that any access granted for the purpose of government eavesdropping would be both legal and constitutional. He slams encryption for blocking access even by agencies in possession of "a lawful court order backed by probable cause."
But it's clear that the public cannot trust the government to obey the Constitution
when they operate beyond the reach of public knowledge. This much has been demonstrated by what we learned from the document leaks of former National Security Agency analyst Edward Snowden by the Patriot Act and most recently by the fact that Congress snuck in the Cybersecurity Information Sharing and Protection Act into law
after it was clearly rejected by citizens.
Reminder: The Bill of Rights exists solely to protect citizens like you and me from government abuse. For example, the Fourth Amendment protects us from unreasonable searches and seizures.
What's the point of constitutional protections if the government can secretly violate them at will without anybody knowing?
In the past 15 years, the U.S. government has repeatedly used fear and the threat of terrorism to make an end-run around the Bill of Rights.
McCain's call to outlaw private and secure communication is merely the latest attempt by government officials to scare the public into giving up more privacy and rights.
Mandating encryption back doors in mainstream products disadvantages the nation. The unintended result of McCain's proposal is that the bad guys get good security and the good guys get bad security.
In fact, the ISIS is already accelerating the dissemination of information about how to evade detection and surveillance. A recent report from the Middle East Media Research Institute
that was reported on by The Hill
, revealed that ISIS has formed a new organization of cyber-security experts called the Electronic Horizon Foundation. This organization is aggressively collecting and disseminating detailed information about how to prevent the United States and other governments from accessing their communications.
The bad guys will use strong encryption no matter what. The question is, will the good guys use it as well?
McCain believes that America will eavesdrop on ISIS. But his call for back doors is likely to lead to a situation where we cannot eavesdrop on ISIS because they'll have uncrackable encryption.