Microsoft Enabling Automatic Database Tuning in Azure SQL DB in 2018

Microsoft's automated and AI-enabled database tuning technology will become the new default configuration on the Azure SQL cloud database in January 2018.

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Delivering consistent database performance is the goal of a new feature Microsoft will make available in its Azure SQL cloud database early next year.

Microsoft is making  a performance-enhancing Automatic Tuning feature part of the default configuration on Azure SQL Database instances by Jan. 15, 2018.

During the recent PASS Summit 2017 in Seattle (Oct. 31-Nov. 3), Microsoft showed off many of the new Azure SQL Database enhancements that will soon enable customers to use the company's cloud to store and manage massive amounts of business data.

Microsoft also intends to help customers derive more value from the massive amounts of raw data locked within their databases by using machine learning and artificial intelligence to perform big data analytics. The analysis will provide business insights that can help customers develop new business models and revenue streams.

But performing the data analysis can be difficult with inconsistent SQL performance. To help businesses achieve stable, predictable and optimized performance for their applications, Microsoft says it will turn on Automatic Tuning by default, beginning on Jan. 15, 2018.

"Since automatic tuning reached global availability in early 2016, the SQL Database team continued investing in improving its capabilities," blogged Microsoft program manager Veljko Vasic, on Nov. 6. "Learning from a massive pool of customers who already adopted automatic tuning, we have made advancements in recommendation models, increased the speed and safety of applying tuning actions, and removed obstacles that prevented some of the customers from adopting automatic tuning," he stated in the blog.

After Jan. 15, Azure SQL Database servers lacking an Automatic Tuning configuration will inherit the new Azure defaults. Databases, in turn, will inherit the settings of the parent SQL Servers. Microsoft will exclude those instances where the Automatic Tuning options were implemented during the transition.

Of course, users who don't want to enable the feature can explicitly disable it. Instructions on enabling Automatic Tuning are available in this online support document. Vasic advised users wanting to get a head start to make their configuration changes before Jan. 15.

The adaptive Automatic Tuning technology continually monitors query activity and automatically takes corrective actions to maintain a desired level of performance in the face of changing workloads.

Those actions are governed by the company's AI, which "learns" about the performance characteristics of all the databases hosted on Azure. To help ensure that the system's automated tuning recommendations don't inadvertently throw a wrench in the works, changes are applied only during periods of low utilization, according to the company.

Microsoft also recently announced a new scale-out feature for Azure Analysis Services, a data-modeling platform-as-a-service offering based on SQL Server Analysis Services Enterprise Edition, for business intelligence workloads and other advanced analytics. The new feature allows users to distribute client queries among multiple query replicas to preserve application response times.

Traditionally, each Analysis Services server acts as both a processing server and a query server, a setup that can reduce response times under heavy usage. The new scale-out feature allows users to create a query pool with up to seven additional replicas, plus the one in the original server, in times of surging demand. Click here for more information.

Pedro Hernandez

Pedro Hernandez

Pedro Hernandez is a contributor to eWEEK and the IT Business Edge Network, the network for technology professionals. Previously, he served as a managing editor for the network of...