GIS Fights Crime in Chicago - Page 2

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The CPD, which has an annual budget of more than $125,000 for GIS software and consulting services, decided to leverage ArcIMS 9 from Environmental Systems Research Institute Inc., also in Chicago, to build a specialized Web site that would provide maps and up-to-date data to officers via the CPD intranet.

To tap into the queries built using its legacy data warehouse, which was built in-house, the Deployment Operations Center created an application using ESRIs ArcSDE for database maintenance and ArcIMS to serve data to the Web.

The data warehouse provides the querying tool. Query pages are ASP (Active Server Pages)-driven and access an Oracle Corp. Oracle9i database to provide mapping and geographic information.

Using ArcIMS, officers can view and edit data. For example, an officer can search through 300 crime types and have the crimes mapped for a particular neighborhood or area. Once the map is built, an officer can use an icon to retrieve mug shots from the Oracle9i database to build a virtual lineup of potential suspects in a crime investigation.

"The fact that you can actually see these mug shots is the bigger key for police officers, especially once we add GIS capabilities to department vehicles," Kezon said. "Accessing this information quickly is a very nice resource."

Case file

  • Organization Chicago Police Department
  • Location Chicago
  • Issue Replace a client/server crime analysis application that was difficult to update to help combat rising rates of homicide and aggravated battery with firearms
  • Solution Deploy a Web-based GIS and an analysis Web site that enables police officers to view crimes over a period of time; deploy Web-based mapping for crime and arrest information on an intranet to enable beat officers to retrieve crime and mapping information faster
  • Tools Environmental Systems Research Institutes ArcIMS 9, ArcSDE and ArcView; Sun Microsystems Inc.s Sun 100, Sun 6800 and Solaris; Microsoft Corp.s Windows NT 4.0; Oracles Oracle 9i; Business Objects Crystal Reports
  • Whats next Hope to give officers the ability to access mapping data from their vehiclesSource: eWEEK reporting

Using the CPDs legacy system, an officer would have to search for all persons arrested within a certain area and then sift through that information to determine who had been arrested for aggravated battery with a firearm, for example.

Using ESRIs GIS tools, officers can now tie spatial information to related tabular data and map both. For example, an officer can search for all persons arrested for aggravated battery with a firearm within a geographic area. The officer can analyze the data using Business Objects S.A.s Crystal Reports.

More than 14,000 Chicago police officers have access to the intranet. There is also limited civilian access to run queries against the data warehouse. If changes are made to the base data set, those changes are reflected in subsequent viewings.

The GIS system deployment received the full backing of the police department, Kezon said.

Every time a query is run through the data warehouse, the user needs to provide a user name and password. And every time a mug shot is accessed, that transaction is also logged to ensure no one misuses the information.

In the future, Kezon and Scott Hamilton, who is a GIS developer at the department, said they hope to provide GIS information to police officers that is accessible from their patrol vehicles.

Right now, a bandwidth issue prevents police officers from accessing the department intranet from their vehicles. But after the department resolves bandwidth limitations this year, Hamilton said, it will be easier for officers to perform their jobs outside the office.

The GIS department also plans to use ArcIMS technologies to analyze where surveillance cameras should be placed around Chicago to deter crime.

"Weve done some analysis on existing cameras, and its been shown that cameras displace crime around the locations of those cameras significantly," Hamilton said. "GIS will enable us to place cameras in areas where theyre needed and enable us to increase the number of arrests in those areas."

Senior Writer Anne Chen can be reached at


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