HP, working from its recent acquisition of Palm, has released its first new smartphone device to the market. The new Pre looks substantial and runs the latest version of WebOS, a modern operating system that could have been a real contender if it was out one to two years earlier.
But is WebOS a credible smartphone differentiator in a very crowded market? Is WebOS, under HP’s stewardship, enough to ignite the rebuilding of the Palm/Pre brand or is it just too late? The answer: yes and maybe not.
The smartphone market of today is very different from the market Palm helped build. There are huge momentum plays going on (Android, iPhone) that any new device or operating system will have to overcome. In my opinion, it’s too late for HP to release a meaningful WebOS smartphone and have it get any real market share.
Palm aficionados have largely moved on-mostly to Android. Consumers are largely unaware of Palm and its new technology (ask most consumers about Palm and they’ll probably wonder if the company still exists). Carrier relationships are weak at best.
And, even though the Palm brand is largely gone from the new Pre and WebOS, HP has less than a stellar record in smartphones itself, having been in the business for years with little to show for it (remember the iPaq phone?). So, it’s unlikely an HP-branded phone will demand much attention-either from consumers or, ultimately, from the carriers through which HP must channel the devices. Nor will HP likely be able to convince many application creators to support yet another operating system, especially one with miniscule market share.
The only real opportunity for HP might be in emerging markets where the battle is not yet lost. But here, they face the onslaught of local (for example, Chinese, Indian, etc.) competition, many of whom are adopting Android. And Nokia still has incredibly strong brand recognition. HP does, too, but not in phones. Plus, its last effort at selling phones in China largely fizzled. So, the prospects for HP having any long-term success in smartphones either in mature or emerging markets is bleak.
WebOS in the Tablet Market
WebOS in the tablet market
But all may not be lost for WebOS. HP still has an opportunity with WebOS in the tablet market-if it acts soon and forcefully. This market is still forming and there is no dominant player yet (although Apple is certainly strong and Android will be a major contender).
Despite HP’s recent release of its Windows 7-based tablet for the enterprise user, there is still plenty of room to do what HP does best: design and market devices to consumers. Tablets are different than smartphones and the channels are largely different as well. The majority of tablets will ultimately be sold through retail (not directly by the carriers), and HP has incredibly strong relationships here with all of the major retailers worldwide. So, an inexpensive but highly capable WebOS tablet could be very successful-and a real challenger to iPad and Android tablets.
Application availability should be easier here as well since so many of the application users’ access will run in the cloud through the browser (for example, HTML5). It is unlikely HP will be able to compete with Android and iOS (or even Windows) for the minds and hearts of application developers for a large assortment of WebOS-targeted applications.
But Web connectivity will make that less of an issue. And if HP is smart about it, their WebOS tablet can be nicely coupled with the panoply of other computing and consumer devices they already market. This is their golden opportunity for the remnants of Palm and its WebOS-not the smartphone market.
But I wonder if management is up to the task, given that much of the management team running the show-both newly-acquired with Palm and the existing HP PSG veterans such as Todd Bradley and his team-are ex-Palm? Is this giving them a slanted view of the market? There have been a number of ex-Palm folks leaving as of late, so this could signal a new direction.
If I were Bradley, I would immediately de-emphasize plans for future Windows tablets and put all of HP’s energies into an attractive and cost-competitive WebOS tablet-and get it to market before the end of the year. Not doing so will put it at a competitive disadvantage from which it may not be able to recover.
HP invested a lot in its acquisition of Palm. So far, it has little to show for it. The longer HP waits, the less likely it will get any return on its investment.
Jack E. Gold is the founder and Principal Analyst at J. Gold Associates, an IT analyst firm based in Northborough, Mass., covering the many aspects of business and consumer computing and emerging technologies. Jack is a former VP of research services at the META Group. He has over 35 years experience in the computer and electronics industries. He can be reached at [email protected].