2Simple Logo, Complex Work
3Laser Printing, 1971
4The Alto Computer, 1973
In 1972, Xerox decided to produce a personal computer for research purposes. This became the Alto computer, the result of a joint effort by Ed McCreight, Chuck Thacker, Butler Lampson, Bob Sproull and Dave Boggs, who were attempting to make a device that was small enough to fit in an office comfortably yet powerful enough to support a reliable, high-quality operating system and graphics display. Its GUI featured windows and icons. A few years later, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak borrowed some of these ideas and started Apple Computer.
5Networking Genius, 1973-75
6Bitmap Graphics, 1980s
A bitmap or pixmap is a type of memory organization or image file format used to store digital images. The term bitmap comes from the computer programming terminology, meaning a spatially mapped array of bits. Now, along with pixmap, it commonly refers to the similar concept of a spatially mapped array of pixels. Common uses are the standardized compressed bitmap files such as GIF, PNG, TIFF and JPEG.
8Clean Water Where There Was None, 2001
Hydrodynamic separators are storm water management devices used to control water pollution. They are designed as flow-through structures with a settling or separation unit to remove sediment and other pollutants. HDS are considered structural best management practices and are used to treat and pretreat storm water runoff.
9The New Internet, 2009
Content-centric networking (also content-based networking, data-oriented networking or named data networking) is an alternative approach to the architecture of computer networks, pioneered by Ted Nelson and recently promoted by Van Jacobson (pictured), the original author of TCP/IP header compression and now a research fellow at PARC. On Sept. 21, 2009, PARC published the specifications for interoperability and released an initial open-source implementation of the Content Centric Networking research project on the Project CCNx site. http://www.ccnx.org/ The next-generation Internet will be called the Named Data Network (NDN).
10Studying Head Trauma, 2010
PARC also conducts medical research. Currently it is running a technical program to develop and prototype disposable flexible blast dosimeter tapes to detect the occurrence of events that cause traumatic brain injury. The sensor tape requires sensors, signal conditioning electronics, non-volatile memory and a thin-film battery.
11PARC Superstars, 2007
Left to right: Tom Magnanti, Butler Lampson, Bob Sproull and Charles Simonyi. Simonyi, former chief architect at Microsoft, was leader of the team that invented the WYSIWYG text editor. Sproull, a pioneer in 3D virtual reality, worked on laser printing at PARC, where he also blazed trails in computer graphics. Lampson worked on Ethernet, WYSIWYG and laser printing. His famous 1972 memo, Why Alto? envisioned the personal computer. MIT dean of engineering Tom Magnanti stands in for Ethernet inventor Bob Metcalfe, who took this picture at a party at his residence.