Windows Server 2008 Features Address Linux Challenge

By Peter Galli  |  Posted 2007-05-17 Print this article Print

Microsoft's developers added new features to Windows Server 2008 in response to Linux functionality that made the open source operating system an attractive option to Microsoft customers.

LOS ANGELES—Some of the changes in the upcoming release of Windows Server 2008 are a response to features and performance advantages that have made Linux an attractive option to Microsoft customers.

One of these is the fact that Linux has less of a surface area, which led customers to believe that Linux is inherently more secure, Bill Laing, the general manager for Microsofts Windows Server division, told eWEEK in an interview at its annual Windows Hardware Engineering conference here.
Surface area is the term IT managers use to discuss the overall resource footprint of a computer operating environment, including the amount of code, features, ports and other network resources that offer potential avenues for security attacks.
"Having less surface area does reduce the servicing and the amount of code you have running and exposed, so we have done a lot of work in 2008 to make the system more modular. You have the server manager; every role is optional, and there are more than 30 components not installed by default, which is a huge change," Laing said. To read more about the first public beta for Windows Server 2008, click here. "We also have server core, which doesnt have the GUI [graphical user interface], so I would say that is a response to the options people had with Linux that they didnt have with Windows," he said. There are also several computing tasks in which Linux is particularly strong, Laing said, pointing to compute clusters as one. Microsoft has responded to this factor with Windows Compute Cluster Server 2003, for which all the third-party applications are now being moved across, he said. Another area of competition from Linux was on the Web serving front, particularly Internet-facing Web servers and hosting, and that was the drive behind Microsofts push to significantly improve IIS 7 (Internet Information Services). "We did a lot of work over the incremental work done in [Internet Information Server] IIS 6 and giving the tools to hosters so they had packages. But, really, the thrust behind IIS 7 was to respond to Linux and I think we have had an effect if you look at the data on Internet-facing Web server numbers," Laing said. Iain McDonald, the managing director for Windows Server, is also not worried about the competitive threat posed by leading Linux distributor Red Hat. What is the greatest threat to Microsofts business? Click here to read more. "I am not particularly worried about Red Hat, which makes a product—or rather gets free development groups to make a product—that they sell for about the same amount of money as Windows Server. Its not the biggest worry area for us. Frankly, Im more interested in solving customer problems than worrying about what theyre doing in a certain space," McDonald told eWEEK. Asked about the delay in Microsofts hypervisor technology, code-named Viridian, and whether this was a competitive disadvantage, McDonald told eWEEK that doing it right was more important than rushing something to market. Next Page: Keeping up with Linux

Peter Galli has been a financial/technology reporter for 12 years at leading publications in South Africa, the UK and the US. He has been Investment Editor of South Africa's Business Day Newspaper, the sister publication of the Financial Times of London.

He was also Group Financial Communications Manager for First National Bank, the second largest banking group in South Africa before moving on to become Executive News Editor of Business Report, the largest daily financial newspaper in South Africa, owned by the global Independent Newspapers group.

He was responsible for a national reporting team of 20 based in four bureaus. He also edited and contributed to its weekly technology page, and launched a financial and technology radio service supplying daily news bulletins to the national broadcaster, the South African Broadcasting Corporation, which were then distributed to some 50 radio stations across the country.

He was then transferred to San Francisco as Business Report's U.S. Correspondent to cover Silicon Valley, trade and finance between the US, Europe and emerging markets like South Africa. After serving that role for more than two years, he joined eWeek as a Senior Editor, covering software platforms in August 2000.

He has comprehensively covered Microsoft and its Windows and .Net platforms, as well as the many legal challenges it has faced. He has also focused on Sun Microsystems and its Solaris operating environment, Java and Unix offerings. He covers developments in the open source community, particularly around the Linux kernel and the effects it will have on the enterprise.

He has written extensively about new products for the Linux and Unix platforms, the development of open standards and critically looked at the potential Linux has to offer an alternative operating system and platform to Windows, .Net and Unix-based solutions like Solaris.

His interviews with senior industry executives include Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer, Linus Torvalds, the original developer of the Linux operating system, Sun CEO Scot McNealy, and Bill Zeitler, a senior vice president at IBM.

For numerous examples of his writing you can search under his name at the eWEEK Website at


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