Defense-related R&D budgets will grow by almost 6 percent to $81.0 billion in constant dollars by 2009, while non-defense R&D spending will shrink in real terms by 0.5 percent to $60.5 billion in five years.
Nine of the twelve federal agencies are projected to have an R&D budget decrease in constant dollars of anywhere from 5 percent to 15 percent in 2009 compared to this year. Only the three defense-related agencies, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Defense, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), are projected to see an R&D budget increase.
The Department of Homeland Security R&D budget is expected to increase by 25 percent to $1.4 billion by 2009, while Department of Defense R&D funding will grow by almost 6 percent to $75.7 billion in the same period. For R&D, NASA will garner an additional 22 percent for research and development to reach $14.5 billion. All of these figures are in constant dollars, to account for inflation.
Among the non-defense agencies, the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Veterans Affairs experienced the largest percentage decline; research and development budgets for each fall by about 15 percent to $569 million and $756 million, respectively. The National Institute of Standards and Technology, part of the Commerce Department which backs technology research, will be reduced by more than 17 percent to $423 million in the next five years.
These agencies have relatively small budgets compared to the Department of Health and Human Services. Almost all of its R&D dollars are channeled through the National Institutes of Health. Its second only to the Department of Defense as the largest R&D funding agency. In real terms, R&D funding for the Department of Health and Human Services will fall by 5 percent over the next five years to $29.3 billion.