New Robots Designed to Patrol Routes Security Guards Shun

NEWS ANALYSIS: Knightscope launched its K5 security robot to provide a way to keep watch on sites that are difficult to patrol by human security guards.

Knightscope RobotB

Chances are the Knightscope K5 security robot isn't what you'd expect when you think about robots. But then again, when iRobot's Roomba came out, it didn't look like a robot either.

What you see if you happen to pull into the right parking lot near San Francisco is a device that looks like a 5-foot tall, 300-pound white egg balanced on one end gliding quietly through the area. Its conical shape is vaguely reminiscent of Robby the Robot from the 1956 movie "Forbidden Planet," but without the arms, legs and other moving appendages.

But then the idea behind the Knightscope device isn't quite what you'd expect either. This security robot is intended to replace people in one of life's most boring jobs—that of outside security guard.

According to Stacy Stephens, vice president of marketing and sales and one of Knightscope's founders, the K5 robot is designed specifically to operate outside in parking lots, in garages and in other places where it can perform routine patrols.

Stephens said that the team that designed the robot comes from the automotive and law enforcement fields, so the company used that experience to decide how the K5 would be deployed initially.

The robot is capable of 360-degree video surveillance, audio recording and license plate recognition, and it has an RFID sensor for reading employee ID badges. The robot finds its way using a combination of GPS and LIDAR, which uses laser beams to detect objects and obstacles.

When it's deployed, the K5 robot follows an internal map of the area it's supposed to patrol and then moves about the area on its own. Stephens said the robot will patrol an area, typically for 45 to 50 minutes before returning to its charging pad for a quick 5-minute charge, then head back out again.

The actual deployment is fairly straightforward. The minimum deployment is two robots, he said. "We don't do single-robot deployments," he explained, "so they can keep eyes on each other."

Other considerations include the charging pad location. "We need to make sure we have an outside power source," Stephens said. "The charging pad is mounted to the ground, and the robot needs to be able to monitor while charging." The robot rolls onto the pad and then plugs actuators into a power connector, according to Stephens. The process is similar to how a Roomba vacuum robot plugs into its charging stand.

The first task for the K5 robot on its initial deployment is a training run. Stephens said the robot uses this half-hour period to develop its internal map so that it knows the area it needs to patrol.

Wayne Rash

Wayne Rash

Wayne Rash is a freelance writer and editor with a 35 year history covering technology. He’s a frequent speaker on business, technology issues and enterprise computing. He covers Washington and...