Scrum Ceremonies and Artifacts
Scrum ceremonies and artifacts
The Scrum process itself prescribes only four meetings: Sprint Planning, the Daily Scrum, Sprint Review, and Sprint Retrospective. In addition, Scrum advocates face-to-face collaboration among team members and with various stakeholders. The planning artifacts include the Product Backlog, the Sprint Backlog, as well as the Product (or Release) and Sprint Burndowns for tracking progress.
The Product Backlog
In the simplest terms, the Product Backlog is a list of features, functionality, technology and issues. The Product Backlog is:
1. Emergent: At any given time, the Backlog is only partially complete; additional features are added as they are discovered and features that are determined to be low-value are removed.
2. Prioritized: By definition, every item in the Backlog has a priority determined by its position in the list, with the highest priority backlog items appearing at the top.
3. Estimated: Each item in the Backlog is estimated by the people doing to work in terms of effort.
There is one Product Backlog for multiple teams, which is maintained and posted visibly. Anyone can contribute to it but only the Product Owner determines priority. Very often, the Product Backlog is derived from a business plan or vision statement.