IBM’s Roadrunner Supercomputer Is Retired
Five years after becoming the fastest supercomputer in the world, IBM's Roadrunner system is decommissioned by the Los Alamos National Lab.IBM's massive Roadrunner supercomputer, installed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, is becoming a shining example of the extraordinary speed of development and innovation in the high-performance computing space. Five years after becoming the first system to break the petaflop barrier and establishing itself as the fastest supercomputer in the world, the $125 million Roadrunner—which covered 6,000 square feet and held 6,563 dual-core Opteron processors from Advanced Micro Devices, which were coupled with special PowerXCell 8i graphics chips from IBM, all spread out over 296 server racks—has been decommissioned by the lab. The lab shut down the massive system March 31, although researchers will have about a month to run experiments around operating system memory compression techniques and optimized data routing that will help in designing future cluster computers. After that, Roadrunner will be dismantled. "Roadrunner was a truly pioneering idea," Gary Grider, deputy division leader of the laboratory's High Performance Computing Division, said in a statement March 29. "Roadrunner got everyone thinking in new ways about how to build and use a supercomputer. Specialized processors are being included in new ways on new systems, and being used in novel ways. Our demonstration with Roadrunner caused everyone to pay attention."
The use of specialized processors was a key advancement for Roadrunner. The PowerXCell 8i—commonly referred to as a "Cell"—was a version of a specialized processor that had been used in Sony's Playstation 3 gaming console. The PowerXCell 8i was specially optimized for use in scientific computing, and its use was a key part of Roadrunner's speed, according to lab officials.