Health IT: Fears and Opportunities

Opinion: The choice between having an inaccurate medical record and one that leaves a patient susceptible to discrimination is not one that a free and healthy society should force its citizens to make.

Less than a year after the appointment of a health IT czar and only a month into 2005, health IT has seen its share of good news.

Response to health IT czar David Brailers request for feedback on his national health information network has been enthusiastic. The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology has received hundreds of responses. In addition, eight large technology companies have pledged support for nonproprietary standards that can serve as a common language. IBM, Intel, Microsoft, Oracle, Accenture, Cisco, Hewlett-Packard and Computer Sciences all decided that cooperation is a better bet than competition. They even recommended setting up a non-profit group, with board members appointed by HHS (Health and Human Services), to mediate any disputes.

Also last month, a report was published in Health Affairs estimating that a fully interoperable system of electronic medical records could generate $78 billion of health care savings annually by increasing efficiency and curbing duplicate procedures. The numbers do assume that the systems will be a breeze to interface and free of bugs. Still, the rosy scenario does not include savings from improved health care and fewer medical errors.

Even President Bush came back with renewed zeal, pledging to find $50 million in health IT funding for 2005 to replace a request that didnt make it into the final budget passed last year, and to more than double the funding in 2006.

Brailers new boss, HHS Secretary Michael Levitt, spent part of his first day in office by his side, announcing upcoming electronic prescribing standards for Medicare. Fully implemented, electronic prescribing could cut errors caused by bad handwriting and make sure that a given prescription was in line with safety recommendations for a particular patient. It could alert doctors that a new drug could be dangerous if taken alongside other prescriptions or could remind a doctor to recommend a flu shot or other preventive care.

All this accessible information has a few people worried. In a joke circulating around the Internet, a middle-aged man calls to order an all-meat pizza, but is told that his cholesterol level is too high, so he will be sent a broccoli soy-cheese version instead. When he tries to use a coupon for free soda, he is informed that the offer only applies to households in which no one has diabetes.

Next Page: Appeal for Patient Privacy Foundation speaks out.